Kohler CH18 -CH750 Service Manual
85. 85 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
86. 86 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
87. 87 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
88. © 2011 by Kohler Co. All rights reserved. 88 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
38. Electrical System 38 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com A E L D C E F D G G M H F K J I H I M J R V W B U X Z AA AB AC AE AF AG D F AH AI AJ AL AM AK AQ AN AE AP AR F Z E F AT AN AS U X AU AV P O N R T Y E Z S Q A F E AD F Wiring Diagram-15/20/25 Amp Regulated Battery Charging System with DSAI Ignition and Key Switch
10. Speci fi cations 10 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com CLEARANCE SPECIFICATIONS 3 CH18/CH20/ CH22/ CH620-CH640 CH22/CH23/ CH670-CH680 CH25/ CH730/CH740 CH750 Crankshaft End Play (free) 0.070/0.590 mm (0.0028/0.0230 in.) End Play (w/thrust bearing components) 0.070/0.270 mm (0.0028/0.0100 in.) Except CH25 Engines Below Serial No. 2403500008 0.050/0.750 mm (0.0020/0.0295 in.) Bore (in crankcase) New Max. Wear Limit 40.965/41.003 mm (1.6128/1.6143 in.) 41.016 mm (1.6148 in.) Crankshaft to Sleeve Bearing (crankcase) Running Clearance-New 0.03/0.09 mm (0.0012/0.0035 in.) Bore (in closure plate) New 40.987/40.974 mm (1.6136/1.6131 in.) Crankshaft Bore (in closure plate)-to-Crankshaft Running Clearance-New 0.039/0.074 mm (0.0015/0.0029 in.) Flywheel End Main Bearing Journal O.D. - New O.D. - Max. Wear Limit Max. Taper Max. Out-of-Round 40.913/40.935 mm (1.6107/1.6116 in.) 40.84 mm (1.608 in.) 0.022 mm (0.0009 in.) 0.025 mm (0.0010 in.) Closure Plate End Main Bearing Journal O.D. - New O.D. - Max. Wear Limit Max. Taper Max. Out-of-Round 40.913/40.935 mm (1.6107/1.6116 in.) 40.84 mm (1.608 in.) 0.022 mm (0.0009 in.) 0.025 mm (0.0010 in.) Connecting Rod Journal O.D. - New O.D. - Max. Wear Limit Max. Taper Max. Out-of-Round 35.955/35.973 mm (1.4156/1.4163 in.) 35.94 mm (1.415 in.) 0.018 mm (0.0007 in.) 0.025 mm (0.0010 in.) T.I.R. PTO End, Crank in Engine Entire Crank, in V-Blocks 0.279 mm (0.0110 in.) 0.10 mm (0.0039 in.) Cylinder Bore Bore I.D. New 77.000/ 77.025 mm (3.0315/ 3.0325 in.) 80.000/ 80.025 mm (3.1496/ 3.1506 in.) 82.988/83.013 mm (3.2672/3.2682 in.) Max. Wear Limit 77.063 mm (3.0340 in.) 80.065 mm (3.1522 in.) 83.051 mm (3.2697 in.) Max. Out-of-Round 0.12 mm (0.0047 in.) Max. Taper 0.05 mm (0.0020 in.) Cylinder Head Max. Out-of-Flatness 0.076 mm (0.003 in.) 3 Values are in Metric units. Values in parentheses are English equivalents.
11. Speci fi cations 11 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com CLEARANCE SPECIFICATIONS 3 CH18/CH20/ CH22/ CH620-CH640 CH22/CH23/ CH670-CH680 CH25/ CH730/CH740 CH750 Governor Governor Cross Shaft-to-Crankcase Running Clearance 6 mm Shaft 8 mm Shaft 0.013/0.075 mm (0.0005/0.0030 in.) 0.025/0.126 mm (0.0009/0.0049 in.) Cross Shaft O.D. 6 mm Shaft New Max. Wear Limit 8 mm Shaft New Max. Wear Limit 5.975/6.012 mm (0.2352/0.2367 in.) 5.962 mm (0.2347 in.) 7.949/8.000 mm (0.3129/0.3149 in.) 7.936 mm (0.3124 in.) Governor Gear Shaft-to-Governor Gear Running Clearance 0.015/0.140 mm (0.0006/0.0055 in.) Gear Shaft O.D. New Max. Wear Limit 5.990/6.000 mm (0.2358/0.2362 in.) 5.977 mm (0.2353 in.) Ignition Spark Plug Gap 0.76 mm (0.030 in.) Module Air Gap 0.28/0.33 mm (0.011/0.013 in.) Piston, Piston Rings, and Piston Pin Piston-to-Piston Pin Running Clearance 0.006/0.017 mm (0.0002/0.0007 in.) Pin Bore I.D. New Max. Wear Limit 17.006/17.012 mm (0.6695/0.6698 in.) 17.025 mm (0.6703 in.) Pin O.D. New Max. Wear Limit 16.995/17.000 mm (0.6691/0.6693 in.) 16.994 mm (0.6691 in.) Top Compression Ring-to-Groove Side Clearance 0.040/ 0.080 mm (0.0016/ 0.0031 in.) 0.030/ 0.076 mm (0.0012/ 0.0030 in.) 0.025/0.048 mm (0.0010/0.0019 in.) Middle Compression Ring-to-Groove Side Clearance 0.040/ 0.080 mm (0.0016/ 0.0031 in.) 0.030/ 0.076 mm (0.0012/ 0.0030 in.) 0.015/0.037 mm (0.0006/0.0015 in.) Oil Control Ring-to-Groove Side Clearance 0.060/ 0.202 mm (0.0024/ 0.0080 in.) 0.046/ 0.196 mm (0.0018/ 0.0077 in.) 0.026/0.176 mm (0.0010/0.0070 in.) Top and Middle Compression Ring End Gap New Bore 0.25/ 0.45 mm (0.0098/ 0.0177 in.) 0.18/ 0.46 mm (0.0071/ 0.0181 in.) 0.25/0.56 mm (0.0100/0.0224 in.) Used Bore (Max) 0.77 mm (0.030 in.) 0.80 mm (0.0315 in.) 0.94 mm (0.037 in.) 3 Values are in Metric units. Values in parentheses are English equivalents.
12. Speci fi cations 12 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com CLEARANCE SPECIFICATIONS 3 CH18/CH20/ CH22/ CH620-CH640 CH22/CH23/ CH670-CH680 CH25/ CH730/CH740 CH750 Piston, Piston Rings, and Piston Pin (continued) Thrust Face O.D. 7 New 76.967/ 76.985 mm (3.0302/ 3.0309 in.) 79.963/ 79.979 mm (3.1481/ 3.1488 in.) 82.986 mm (3.2671 in.) Max. Wear Limit 76.840 mm (3.0252 in.) 79.831 mm (3.1430 in.) 82.841 mm (3.2614 in.) Piston Thrust Face-to-Cylinder Bore 7 Running Clearance New 0.014/ 0.057 mm (0.0005/ 0.0022 in.) 0.021/ 0.062 mm (0.0008/ 0.0024 in.) 0.001/0.045 mm (0.039/0.0018 in.) Valves and Valve Lifters Hydraulic Valve Lifter to Crankcase Running Clearance 0.0241/0.0501 mm (0.0009/0.0020 in.) Intake Valve Stem-to-Valve Guide Running Clearance 0.038/0.076 mm (0.0015/0.0030 in.) Exhaust Valve Stem-to-Valve Guide Running Clearance 0.050/0.088 mm (0.0020/0.0035 in.) Intake Valve Guide I.D. New Max. Wear Limit 7.038/7.058 mm (0.2771/0.2779 in.) 7.134 mm (0.2809 in.) Exhaust Valve Guide I.D. New Max. Wear Limit 7.038/7.058 mm (0.2771/0.2779 in.) 7.159 mm (0.2819 in.) Valve Guide Reamer Size Standard 0.25 mm O.S 7.048 mm (0.2775 in.) 7.298 mm (0.2873 in.) Intake Valve Minimum Lift 8.07 mm (0.3177 in.) Exhaust Valve Minimum Lift 8.07 mm (0.3177 in.) Nominal Valve Seat Angle 45° 3 Values are in Metric units. Values in parentheses are English equivalents. 7 Measure 6 mm (0.24 in.) above bottom of piston skirt at right angles to piston pin.
34. Electrical System 34 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com W C H D B I A AD E G F F A K B L J N M P O R Q S T U V R W R X Y Z V AA AB AC AF AI AJ AL AE AK AH AG R T V V AM AN AO AH Wiring Diagram-15/20/25 Amp Regulated Battery Charging System with Fixed Timing
36. Electrical System 36 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com B A C N Q A O R Z I X M L K J J AA W AB AC AR P AQ AP AS AN AO AH S K T U T T V W W Y W AP AM F H F C D E G D E AD AK AE AF AG AH AI AJ AL K W T W Wiring Diagram-15/20/25 Amp Regulated Battery Charging System with Variable Ignition Timing SMART- SPARK ™ K AT AT
56. Starter System 56 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Pawls (dogs) Replacement 1. Install a clamp to hold pulley in starter housing and prevent if from rotating. 2. Remove center screw, washer, and pawl retainer. 3. Note position of pawls and pawl springs before removing. Remove pawls, pawls springs, brake spring and brake washer from pulley. 4. Clean/wipe out center pocket of pulley to remove any accumulated dirt and old lubricant. 5. Apply small amount of grease to new brake washer and spring, install them in center pocket. 6. Install pawl springs and pawls into pawl slots of pulley. All parts must be dry. 7. Position drive plate over pawls with actuating ears down and inside of pawls. 8. Apply a small amount of Loctite ® 271™ to threads of center screw. Install center screw with washer. Torque screw to 7.4-8.5 N·m (65-75 in. lb.). 9. Remove clamp and pull starter rope out part way to check operation of pawls. Install Starter 1. Install retractable starter onto blower housing leaving screws slightly loose. 2. Pull starter handle out until pawls engage in drive cup. Hold handle in this position and tighten screws securely.
5. Speci fi cations 5 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Engine Dimensions with Low-Pro fi le Air Cleaner Dimensions in millimeters. Inch equivalents shown in [ ].
9. Speci fi cations 9 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS 3,5 CH18/CH20/ CH22/ CH620-CH640 CH22/CH23/ CH670-CH680 CH25/ CH730/CH740 CH750 Starter Assembly Thru Bolt Inertia Drive Nippondenso Solenoid Shift Delco-Remy Solenoid Shift 4.5-5.7 N·m (40-50 in. lb.) 4.5-7.5 N·m (40-84 in. lb.) 5.6-9.0 N·m (49-79 in. lb.) Mounting Screw 15.3 N·m (135 in. lb.) Brush Holder Mounting Screw 2.5-3.3 N·m (22-29 in. lb.) Stator Mounting Screw 6.2 N·m (55 in. lb.) Valve Cover Gasket Style Cover Fastener 3.4 N·m (30 in. lb.) Black O-Ring Style Cover Fastener w/Shoulder Screws w/Flange Screws and Spacers 5.6 N·m (50 in. lb.) 9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.) Yellow or Brown O-Ring Style Cover Fastener w/Integral Metal Spacers 6.2 N·m (55 in. lb.) CLEARANCE SPECIFICATIONS 3 CH18/CH20/ CH22/ CH620-CH640 CH22/CH23/ CH670-CH680 CH25/ CH730/CH740 CH750 Camshaft End Play (w/shim) 0.076/0.127 mm (0.0030/0.0050 in.) Running Clearance 0.025/0.063 mm (0.0010/0.0025 in.) Bore I.D. New Max. Wear Limit 20.000/20.025 mm (0.7874/0.7884 in.) 20.038 mm (0.7889 in.) Bearing Surface O.D. New Max. Wear Limit 19.962/19.975 mm (0.7859/0.7864 in.) 19.959 mm (0.7858 in.) Connecting Rod Connecting Rod-to-Crankpin Running Clearance New Max. Wear Limit 0.030/0.055 mm (0.0012/0.0022 in.) 0.070 mm (0.0028 in.) Connecting Rod-to-Crankpin Side Clearance 0.26/0.63 mm (0.0102/0.0248 in.) Connecting Rod-to-Piston Pin Running Clearance 0.015/0.028 mm (0.0006/0.0011 in.) Piston Pin End I.D. New Max. Wear Limit 17.015/17.023 mm (0.6699/0.6702 in.) 17.036 mm (0.6707 in.) Crankcase Governor Cross Shaft Bore I.D. 6 mm Shaft New Max. Wear Limit 8 mm Shaft New Max. Wear Limit 6.025/6.050 mm (0.2372/0.2382 in.) 6.063 mm (0.2387 in.) 8.025/8.075 mm (0.3159/0.3179 in.) 8.088 mm (0.3184 in.) 3 Values are in Metric units. Values in parentheses are English equivalents. 5 Lubricate threads with engine oil prior to assembly.
1. CH18-CH25, CH620-CH730, CH740, CH750 Service Manual 2 Safety 3 Maintenance 5 Speci fi cations 14 Tools and Aids 17 Troubleshooting 21 Air Cleaner/Intake 22 Fuel System 28 Governor System 30 Lubrication System 32 Electrical System 48 Starter System 57 Clutch 59 Disassembly/Inspection and Service 72 Reassembly IMPORTANT: Read all safety precautions and instructions carefully before operating equipment. Refer to operating instruction of equipment that this engine powers. Ensure engine is stopped and level before performing any maintenance or service. 1 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
53. Starter System 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com 53 Starter Reassembly NOTE: Always use a new retainer. Do not reuse old retainers that have been removed. NOTE: Correctly installed, center pivot section of drive lever will be fl ush or below machined surface of housing. 1. Apply drive lubricant to armature shaft splines. Install drive pinion onto armature shaft. 2. Install and assemble stop collar/retainer assembly. a. Install stop collar down onto armature shaft with counter bore (recess) up. b. Install a new retainer in larger (rear) groove of armature shaft. Squeeze with a pliers to compress it in groove. c. Slide stop collar up and lock it into place, so recess surrounds retainer in groove. If necessary, rotate pinion outward on armature splines against retainer to help seat collar around retainer. 3. Install offset thrust (stop) washer so smaller offset of washer faces retainer/collar. 4. Apply a small amount of oil to bearing in drive end cap, and install armature with drive pinion. 5. Lubricate fork end and center pivot of drive lever with drive lubricant. Position fork end into space between captured washer and rear of pinion. 6. Slide armature into drive end cap and at same time seat drive lever into housing. 7. Install backup washer, followed by rubber grommet, into matching recess of drive end cap. Molded recesses in grommet should be out, matching and aligned with those in end cap. 8. Install frame, with small notch forward, onto armature and drive end cap. Align notch with corresponding section in rubber grommet. Install drain tube in rear cutout, if it was removed previously. 9. Install fl at thrust washer onto commutator end of armature shaft. 10. Starter reassembly when replacing brushes/brush holder assembly: a. Hold starter assembly vertically on end housing, and carefully position assembled brush holder assembly, with supplied protective tube, against end of commutator/armature. Mounting screw holes in metal clips must be up/out. Slide brush holder assembly down into place around commutator, and install positive (+) brush lead grommet in cutout of frame. Protective tube may be saved and used for future servicing. Starter reassembly when not replacing brushes/ brush holder assembly: a. Carefully unhook retaining caps from brush assemblies. Do not lose springs. b. Position brushes back in their slots so they are fl ush with I.D. of brush holder assembly. Insert brush installation tool (with extension), or use tube described above from a prior brush installation, through brush holder assembly, so holes in metal mounting clips are up/out. c. Install brush springs and snap on retainer caps. d. Hold starter assembly vertically on end housing, and carefully place tool (with extension) and assembled original brush holder assembly onto end of armature shaft. Slide brush holder assembly down into place around commutator, install positive (+) brush lead grommet in cutout of frame. 11. Install end cap onto armature and frame, aligning thin raised rib in end cap with corresponding slot in grommet of positive (+) brush lead. 12. Install thru bolts and brush holder mounting screws. Torque bolts to 5.6-9.0 N·m (49-79 in. lb.) and brush holder mounting screws to 2.5-3.3 N·m (22-29 in. lb.). 13. Hook plunger behind upper end of drive lever and install spring into solenoid. Insert mounting screws through holes in drive end cap. Use these to hold solenoid gasket in position, then mount solenoid. Torque screws to 4.0-6.0 N·m (35-53 in. lb.). 14. Connect positive (+) brush lead/bracket to solenoid and secure with nut. Torque nut to 8-11 N·m (71-97 in. lb.). Do not overtighten.
54. Starter System 54 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Solenoid Tests NOTE: DO NOT leave 12 volt test leads connected to solenoid for any time over what is necessary for performing each of individual tests. Internal damage to solenoid may occur. Disconnect all leads from solenoid including positive brush lead attached to lower stud terminal. Remove mounting hardware and separate solenoid from starter for testing. To test solenoid pull-in coil/plunger: Actuation 1. Use a 12 volt power supply and 2 test leads. 2. Connect 1 lead to fl at spade S/start terminal on solenoid. Momentarily connect other lead to lower large post terminal. When connection is made solenoid should energize (audible click) and plunger retract. Repeat test several times. Continuity 1. Use an ohmmeter set to audible or Rx2K scale, and connect 2 ohmmeter leads to 2 large post terminals. 2. Perform solenoid pull-in coil/plunger actuation test and check for continuity. Ohmmeter should indicate continuity. Repeat test several times. To test solenoid hold-in coil: Function 1. Connect a 12 volt test lead to fl at spade S/start terminal on solenoid and other lead to body or mounting surface of solenoid. 2. Manually push plunger IN and check if coil holds plunger retracted. Do not allow test leads to remain connected to solenoid for a prolonged period of time. Continuity 1. Use an ohmmeter set to audible or Rx2K scale, and connect 2 ohmmeter leads to 2 large post terminals. 2. Perform preceding solenoid hold-in coil function test and check for continuity. Meter should indicate continuity. Repeat test several times. Condition Conclusion Solenoid fails to activate. Replace solenoid. No continuity is indicated. Plunger fails to stay retracted.
31. Lubrication System 31 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com OIL SENTRY ™ (if equipped) This switch is designed to prevent engine from starting in a low oil or no oil condition. Oil Sentry ™ may not shut down a running engine before damage occurs. In some applications this switch may activate a warning signal. Read your equipment manuals for more information. Oil Sentry ™ pressure switch is installed in breather cover. On engines not equipped with Oil Sentry ™ installation hole is sealed with a 1/8-27 N.P.T.F. pipe plug. Installation 1. Apply pipe sealant with Te fl on ® (Loctite ® PST ® 592™ Thread Sealant or equivalent) to threads of switch. 2. Install switch into tapped hole in breather cover. 3. Torque switch to 4.5 N·m (40 in. lb.). Testing Compressed air, a pressure regulator, pressure gauge, and a continuity tester are required to test switch. 1. Connect continuity tester across blade terminal and metal case of switch. With 0 psi pressure applied to switch, tester should indicate continuity (switch closed). 2. Gradually increase pressure to switch. As pressure increases through range of 3-5 psi tester should indicate a change to no continuity (switch open). Switch should remain open as pressure is increased to 90 psi maximum. 3. Gradually decrease pressure through range of 3-5 psi. Tester should indicate a change to continuity (switch closed) down to 0 psi. 4. Replace switch if it does not operate as speci fi ed.
43. 43 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Electrical System Condition Possible Cause Conclusion Strong, steady spark is now present on both sides. SAM Problem should be corrected. Go to Test SAM step 4. Still a spark problem. SAM Test SAM. Test SAM 1. Trace red power source lead from SAM to harness connection. Separate connector and connect red lead of a DC voltmeter to harness terminal. Trace ground lead from SAM (black on singles, green on twins) to grounding screw. Connect black voltmeter lead to eyelet terminal of ground lead or ground screw/bolt. Check voltage with key switch in both START and RUN positions. A minimum of 7.25 volts must be present. a. If correct voltage is not measured, connect black voltmeter lead directly to negative (–) post of battery and test voltage again in both key positions. If correct voltage is now indicated, check ground circuit connections. If ground screw/bolt or any other fasteners in ground circuit are black (oxide-coated), replace them with zinc plated (silver colored) fasteners. b. If correct voltage is still not indicated, check harness connector terminal for a good connection and crimp to lead. Then trace power source circuit back through harness, key switch, etc., looking for any poor connections, or faulty circuits. Condition Possible Cause Conclusion Incorrect voltage is measured. Voltage Connect black voltmeter lead directly to negative (–) post of battery and test voltage again in both key positions. If correct voltage is still not indicated, check harness connector terminal for a good connection and crimp to lead. Then trace power source circuit back through harness, key switch, etc., looking for any poor connections, or faulty circuits. Correct voltage is measured. Voltage Check ground circuit connections. If ground screw/bolt or any other fasteners in ground circuit are black (oxide-coated), replace them with zinc plated (silver colored) fasteners. 2. Disconnect all SAM leads, isolating it from engine. Test SAM according to style with tester 25 761 21-S (tests ASAM style modules only), or tester 25 761 40-S (tests both ASAM and DSAM style modules). Use test instructions following, or those provided with tester. If SAM tests bad, replace it. 3. Reattach SAM leads, verifying a snug fi t at ignition module terminals. If any connections do not feel snug, disconnect lead, lightly pinch female terminal with a pliers, and recheck fi t. 4. Seal base of ignition module connections with GE/Novaguard G661 or equivalent dielectric compound. Beads should overlap between two connections to form a solid bridge of compound. Do not put any compound inside connectors. 24 584 15-S ignition modules have a separator/barrier between terminals. On these modules, seal base of terminal if any portion of it is exposed, but it is not necessary to have overlapping beads of sealant between connections. 5. Test for spark to be sure system is working, before you reinstall blower housing. If there is still a spark problem on one side, replace that ignition module and recheck spark. Test ASAM and DSAM Allow 15-20 seconds for tester to clear and reset itself between tests or if test is interrupted before completion of test cycle. Otherwise, a false reading may be displayed in form of a (–) or a faint 8. Tester is powered by a 9-volt battery. Most SAMs are designed to operate down to a minimum of 7.25 volts. If tester battery drops below that level, incorrect test readings will result. Tester battery should be checked periodically by connecting a DC voltmeter between red and green lead wires, with tester connected to a SAM. Press and hold test button for a full test cycle (F or P appears and then display shuts off), while monitoring voltage reading on voltmeter. If voltage drops below 7.5 at any time during cycle, 9-volt tester battery must be replaced. Use an extended life (alkaline) battery. To replace battery, remove outer set of screws on faceplate and carefully lift panel from body. Unplug connector and pull battery (with mounting tape) off back of tester. Attach connector to new battery and mount battery to case with double-backed tape. Reinstall faceplate and secure with four screws.
48. Starter System 48 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com NOTE: Do not crank engine continuously for more than 10 seconds. Allow a 60 second cool down period between starting attempts. Failure to follow these guidelines can burn out starter motor. NOTE: If engine develops suf fi cient speed to disengage starter but does not keep running (a false start), engine rotation must be allowed to come to a complete stop before attempting to restart engine. If starter is engaged while fl ywheel is rotating, starter pinion and fl ywheel ring gear may clash and damage starter. NOTE: If starter does not crank engine, shut off starter immediately. Do not make further attempts to start engine until condition is corrected. NOTE: Do not drop starter or strike starter frame. Doing so can damage starter. Engines in this series use inertia drive, solenoid shift, or retractable starters. Troubleshooting-Starting Dif fi culties Condition Possible Cause Conclusion Starter does not energize. Battery Check speci fi c gravity of battery. If low, recharge or replace battery as necessary. Wiring Clean corroded connections and tighten loose connections. Replace wires in poor condition and with frayed or broken insulation. Starter Switch or Solenoid By-pass switch or solenoid with a jumper wire. If starter cranks normally, replace faulty components. Remove and perform individual solenoid test procedure. Starter energizes but turns slowly. Battery Check speci fi c gravity of battery. If low, recharge or replace battery as necessary. Brushes Check for excessively dirty or worn brushes and commutator. Clean using a coarse cloth (not emery cloth). Replace brushes if excessively or unevenly worn. Transmission or Engine Make sure clutch or transmission is disengaged or placed in neutral. This is especially important on equipment with hydrostatic drive. Transmission must be exactly in neutral to prevent resistance which could keep engine from starting. Check for seized engine components such as bearings, connecting rod, and piston.
16. Tools and Aids 16 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com FLYWHEEL HOLDING TOOL ROCKER ARM/CRANKSHAFT TOOL A fl ywheel holding tool can be made out of an old junk fl ywheel ring gear and used in place of a strap wrench. 1. Using an abrasive cut-off wheel, cut out a six tooth segment of ring gear as shown. 2. Grind off any burrs or sharp edges. 3. Invert segment and place it between ignition bosses on crankcase so tool teeth engage fl ywheel ring gear teeth. Bosses will lock tool and fl ywheel in position for loosening, tightening, or removing with a puller. A spanner wrench to lift rocker arms or turn crankshaft may be made out of an old junk connecting rod. 1. Find a used connecting rod from a 10 HP or larger engine. Remove and discard rod cap. 2. Remove studs of a Posi-Lock rod or grind off aligning steps of a Command rod, so joint surface is fl at. 3. Find a 1 in. long capscrew with correct thread size to match threads in connecting rod. 4. Use a fl at washer with correct I.D. to slip on capscrew and approximately 1 in. O.D . Assemble capscrew and washer to joint surface of rod.
20. Troubleshooting 20 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com COMPRESSION TEST For Command Twins: A compression test is best performed on a warm engine. Clean any dirt or debris away from base of spark plug(s) before removing them. Be sure choke is off, and throttle is wide open during test. Compression should be at least 160 psi and should not vary more than 15% between cylinders. All other models: These engines are equipped with an automatic compression release (ACR) mechanism. It is dif fi cult to obtain an accurate compression reading because of ACR mechanism. As an alternative, use cylinder leakdown test described below. CYLINDER LEAKDOWN TEST A cylinder leakdown test can be a valuable alternative to a compression test. By pressurizing combustion chamber from an external air source you can determine if valves or rings are leaking, and how badly. Cylinder leakdown tester is a relatively simple, inexpensive leakdown tester for small engines. This tester includes a quick-connect for attaching adapter hose and a holding tool. 1. Run engine for 3-5 minutes to warm it up. 2. Remove spark plug(s) and air fi lter from engine. 3. Rotate crankshaft until piston (of cylinder being tested) is at top dead center (TDC) of compression stroke. Hold engine in this position while testing. Holding tool supplied with tester can be used if PTO end of crankshaft is accessible. Lock holding tool onto crankshaft. Install a 3/8 in. breaker bar into hole/slot of holding tool, so it is perpendicular to both holding tool and crankshaft PTO. If fl ywheel end is more accessible, use a breaker bar and socket on fl ywheel nut/screw to hold it in position. An assistant may be needed to hold breaker bar during testing. If engine is mounted in a piece of equipment, it may be possible to hold it by clamping or wedging a driven component. Just be certain that engine cannot rotate off of TDC in either direction. 4. Install adapter into spark plug hole, but do not attach it to tester at this time. 5. Turn regulator knob completely counterclockwise. 6. Connect an air source of at least 50 psi to tester. 7. Turn regulator knob clockwise (increase direction) until gauge needle is in yellow set area at low end of scale. 8. Connect tester quick-connect to adapter hose. While fi rmly holding engine at TDC, gradually open tester valve. Note gauge reading and listen for escaping air at combustion air intake, exhaust outlet, and crankcase breather. Condition Conclusion Air escaping from crankcase breather. Ring or cylinder worn. Air escaping from exhaust system. Defective exhaust valve/improper seating. Air escaping from intake. Defective intake valve/improper seating. Gauge reading in low (green) zone. Piston rings and cylinder in good condition. Gauge reading in moderate (yellow) zone. Engine is still usable, but there is some wear present. Customer should start planning for overhaul or replacement. Gauge reading in high (red) zone. Rings and/or cylinder have considerable wear. Engine should be reconditioned or replaced.
8. Speci fi cations 8 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS 3,5 CH18/CH20/ CH22/ CH620-CH640 CH22/CH23/ CH670-CH680 CH25/ CH730/CH740 CH750 Connecting Rod Cap Fastener (torque in increments) 8 mm straight shank 8 mm step-down 6 mm straight shank 22.7 N·m (200 in. lb.) 14.7 N·m (130 in. lb.) 11.3 N·m (100 in. lb.) Crankcase Breather Cover Fastener 7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.) Oil Drain Plug 13.6 N·m (10 ft. lb.) Cylinder Head Fastener (torque in 2 increments) Nut fi rst to 16.9 N·m (150 in. lb.) fi nally to 33.9 N·m (300 in. lb.) Bolt (torque in 2 increments) fi rst to 22.6 N·m (200 in. lb.) fi nally to 41.8 N·m (370 in. lb.) Rocker Arm Screw 11.3 N·m (100 in. lb.) Flywheel Fan Fastener 9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.) Flywheel Retaining Screw 66.4 N·m (49 ft. lb.) Fuel Pump-Pulse Fastener 2.3 N·m (20 in. lb.) Governor Lever Nut 6.8 N·m (60 in. lb.) Ignition Spark Plug 27 N·m (20 ft. lb.) Module Fastener 4.0-6.2 N·m (35-55 in. lb.) Recti fi er-Regulator Fastener 1.4 N·m (12.6 in. lb.) Muf fl er Retaining Nut 24.4 N·m (216 in. lb.) Oil Cooler Adapter Nipple 27 N·m (20 ft. lb.) Oil Sentry ™ Pressure Switch 4.5 N·m (40 in. lb.) Solenoid (Starter) Mounting Hardware Nippondenso Starter Delco-Remy Starter 6.0-9.0 N·m (53-79 in. lb.) 4.0-6.0 N·m (35-53 in. lb.) Nut, Positive (+) Brush Lead Nippondenso Starter Delco-Remy Starter 8.0-12.0 N·m (71-106 in. lb.) 8.0-11.0 N·m (71-97 in. lb.) Speed Control Bracket Fastener 10.7 N·m (95 in. lb.) into new holes 7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.) into used holes 3 Values are in Metric units. Values in parentheses are English equivalents. 5 Lubricate threads with engine oil prior to assembly.
13. Speci fi cations 13 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com GENERAL TORQUE VALUES Metric Fastener Torque Recommendations for Standard Applications Property Class Noncritical Fasteners Into Aluminum Size 4.8 5.8 8.8 10.9 12.9 Tightening Torque: N·m (in. lb.) ± 10% M4 1.2 (11) 1.7 (15) 2.9 (26) 4.1 (36) 5.0 (44) 2.0 (18) M5 2.5 (22) 3.2 (28) 5.8 (51) 8.1 (72) 9.7 (86) 4.0 (35) M6 4.3 (38) 5.7 (50) 9.9 (88) 14.0 (124) 16.5 (146) 6.8 (60) M8 10.5 (93) 13.6 (120) 24.4 (216) 33.9 (300) 40.7 (360) 17.0 (150) Tightening Torque: N·m (ft. lb.) ± 10% M10 21.7 (16) 27.1 (20) 47.5 (35) 66.4 (49) 81.4 (60) 33.9 (25) M12 36.6 (27) 47.5 (35) 82.7 (61) 116.6 (86) 139.7 (103) 61.0 (45) M14 58.3 (43) 76.4 (56) 131.5 (97) 184.4 (136) 219.7 (162) 94.9 (70) Torque Conversions N·m = in. lb. x 0.113 in. lb. = N·m x 8.85 N·m = ft. lb. x 1.356 ft. lb. = N·m x 0.737 English Fastener Torque Recommendations for Standard Applications Bolts, Screws, Nuts and Fasteners Assembled Into Cast Iron or Steel Grade 2 or 5 Fasteners Into Aluminum Size Grade 2 Grade 5 Grade 8 Tightening Torque: N·m (in. lb.) ± 20% 8-32 2.3 (20) 2.8 (25) — 2.3 (20) 10-24 3.6 (32) 4.5 (40) — 3.6 (32) 10-32 3.6 (32) 4.5 (40) — — 1/4-20 7.9 (70) 13.0 (115) 18.7 (165) 7.9 (70) 1/4-28 9.6 (85) 15.8 (140) 22.6 (200) — 5/16-18 17.0 (150) 28.3 (250) 39.6 (350) 17.0 (150) 5/16-24 18.7 (165) 30.5 (270) — — 3/8-16 29.4 (260) — — — 3/8-24 33.9 (300) — — — Tightening Torque: N·m (ft. lb.) ± 20% 5/16-24 — — 40.7 (30) — 3/8-16 — 47.5 (35) 67.8 (50) — 3/8-24 — 54.2 (40) 81.4 (60) — 7/16-14 47.5 (35) 74.6 (55) 108.5 (80) — 7/16-20 61.0 (45) 101.7 (75) 142.5 (105) — 1/2-13 67.8 (50) 108.5 (80) 155.9 (115) — 1/2-20 94.9 (70) 142.4 (105) 223.7 (165) — 9/16-12 101.7 (75) 169.5 (125) 237.3 (175) — 9/16-18 135.6 (100) 223.7 (165) 311.9 (230) — 5/8-11 149.5 (110) 244.1 (180) 352.6 (260) — 5/8-18 189.8 (140) 311.9 (230) 447.5 (330) — 3/4-10 199.3 (147) 332.2 (245) 474.6 (350) — 3/4-16 271.2 (200) 440.7 (325) 637.3 (470) —
41. 41 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Electrical System Test for Spark NOTE: If 2 testers are available, testing can be performed simultaneously for both cylinders. However, if only 1 tester is available, 2 individual tests must be performed. Side not being tested must have spark plug lead connected or grounded. Do not crank engine or perform tests with 1 spark plug lead disconnected and not grounded, or permanent system damage may occur. 1. With engine stopped, disconnect 1 spark plug lead. Connect spark plug lead to post terminal of spark tester and attach tester clip to a good engine ground. 2. Crank engine over, establishing a minimum of 550-600 RPM, and observe tester(s) for spark. 3. Repeat spark test on opposite cylinder if cylinders are being tested individually. Condition Possible Cause Conclusion Both cylinders have good spark but engine runs poorly or existing plug condition is questionable. Spark Plug(s) Install new spark plug(s) and retest engine performance. If problem persists, check for timing advance (DSAI and Smart-Spark ™ only). 1 cylinder has good spark and other cylinder has no or intermittent spark. Ignition Test ignition modules and connections (DSAI and Smart-Spark ™ only). Spark on both cylinders but power is suspect. Timing Advance Check for timing advance (DSAI and Smart-Spark ™ only). Test Timing Advance (DSAI and Smart-Spark ™ only) 1. Make a line near edge of fl ywheel screen with a marking pen, chalk, or narrow tape. 2. Connect an automotive timing light to cylinder that had good spark. 3. Run engine at idle and use timing light beam to locate line on screen. Draw a line on blower housing next to line on screen. Accelerate to full throttle and watch for movement of line on screen relative to line on blower housing. If both cylinders had good spark, repeat test on other cylinder. Condition Possible Cause Conclusion Line on screen did not move away from line on blower housing during acceleration. Ignition Test ignition modules and connections. Lines made on blower housing not 90° apart. Test Ignition Modules and Connections (DSAI only) 1. Remove blower housing from engine. Inspect wiring for any damage, cuts, bad crimps, loose terminals, or broken wires. Check that connections are oriented properly on terminals of modules. 2. Disconnect leads from ignition module(s) and clean all of terminals (male and female) with aerosol electrical contact cleaner to remove any old dielectric compound, dark residue, dirt, or contamination. Disconnect spark plug leads from spark plugs. 3. Using a multi-meter, check that a proper ground is established between ground (black) lead of DSAI module (closest to spark plug lead) and a known good ground location on engine. 4. Turn key switch to ON position and check for 12 volts at center/power (red) lead terminal of DSAI module. Use same ground location for multi-meter as in checking for timing advance. Condition Possible Cause Conclusion All tests are OK but module has no spark or fails to advance. Ignition Module Replace affected module. Any test is BAD. Ignition Module or Connections Determine cause and fi x as required; retest.
50. Starter System 50 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Retaining Ring Installation 1. Position retaining ring in groove in one of inner halves. Assemble other half over top and slide on outer collar. 2. Be certain drive components are installed in correct sequence onto armature shaft. 3. Slip tool over end of armature shaft, so retaining ring inside is resting on end of shaft. Hold tool with one hand, exerting slight pressure toward starter. Tap top of tool with a hammer until you feel retaining ring snap into groove. Disassemble and remove tool. 4. Squeeze retaining ring with a pliers to compress it into groove. 5. Assemble inner halves with larger cavity around spring retainer. Slide collar over them and thread center screw in until resistance is felt. 6. Hold base of tool with a 1-1/8 wrench and turn center screw clockwise with a 1/2 or 13 mm wrench to draw spring retainer up around retaining ring. Stop turning when resistance increases. Disassemble and remove tool. 7. Reinstall dust cover. Starter Disassembly 1. Remove drive components following instructions for servicing drive. 2. Locate small raised line on edge of drive end cap. On starters with style A commutator end caps, it will be aligned with a pre-marked line on starter frame. Frame is not pre-marked on starters with style B end caps. Place a piece of masking tape on frame and mark a line on tape in line with raised line on end cap. 3. Remove thru bolts. 4. Remove commutator end cap with brushes and brush springs (style A). Style B end caps remove as a separate piece with brushes and carrier remaining in frame. 5. Remove drive end cap. 6. Remove armature and thrust washer (if equipped) from inside starter frame. 7. Remove brush/carrier assembly from frame (style B starters). Brush Replacement Style A NOTE: Use a brush holder tool to keep brushes in pockets. A brush holder tool can easily be made from thin sheet metal. 1. Remove brush springs from pockets in brush holder. 2. Remove self-tapping screws, negative (-) brushes, and plastic brush holder. 3. Remove nut and fi ber washer from stud terminal. Remove stud terminal with positive (+) brushes and plastic insulating bushing from end cap. 4. Install insulating bushing on stud terminal of new positive (+) brushes. Install stud terminal into commutator end cap. Secure stud with fi ber washer and screw. 5. Install brush holder, new negative (-) brushes, and self-tapping screws. 6. Install brush springs and brushes into pockets in brush holder. Make sure chamfered sides of brushes are away from brush springs. Style B Starters with style B end caps have brushes in a plastic carrier housing, separate from end cap. Replacement brushes come preassembled in carrier housing, retained with two carton staples. Commutator Service Clean commutator with a coarse, lint free cloth. Do not use emery cloth. If commutator is badly worn or grooved, turn it down on a lathe or replace starter. Starter Reassembly 1. Place thrust washer (if equipped) over drive shaft of armature. 2. Insert armature into starter frame. Make sure magnets are closer to drive shaft end of armature. Magnets will hold armature inside frame. 3. Install drive end cap over drive shaft. Make sure match marks on end cap and starter frame are aligned. 4. Style A commutator end caps: Install brush holder tool to keep brushes in pockets of commutator end cap. Align match marks on commutator end cap and starter frame. Hold drive end and commutator end caps fi rmly to starter frame. Remove brush holder tool. Style B commutator end caps: If brush assembly is not being replaced, position brushes in their pockets in carrier. Move them to retracted position, and install carton staples to retain them. Align terminal stud block with notch in starter frame and slide brush/carrier assembly into frame. Commutator will push carton staples out as brush assembly is installed. Position end cap over brush assembly, so holes for thru bolts are aligned with those in brush carrier. 5. Install thru bolts and tighten securely. 6. Lubricate drive shaft with Kohler starter drive lubricant. Install drive components following instructions for servicing starter drive.
58. Clutch 58 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Service On this clutch type, an oil splash type lubrication system is used. Proper oil level must be maintained to provide ef fi cient lubrication. Refer to maintenance. When re fi lling, use 0.47 L (1 pt.) of motor oil of proper viscosity. See chart below. Temperature SAE Viscosity Above 10°C (50°F) SAE 30 -17.8°C (0°F) to 10°C (50°F) SAE 20 Below -17.8°C (0°F) SAE 10 Adjustment Clutch Adjustment Components A B A Spring Lock B Adjustment Ring Slight readjustment may be needed after a few hours on a new clutch to accommodate normal run-in wear. Firm pressure should be required to engage clutch (40-45 pounds pull at lever handle). Readjust if clutch slips and overheats, or if clutch handle jumps out after engagement. Use this procedure: 1. Release clutch and remove nameplate. Using a large screwdriver, turn adjusting ring clockwise, one notch at a time, until fi rm pressure is required to engage clutch. Adjusting ring is spring loaded and does not have to be loosened before adjustment is made. Do not attempt to pry or force spring lock away from ring. 2. After adjustment is made, engage clutch and check to make sure rollers go over center to lock unit in engaged position and prevent releasing under load. If trouble persists after readjustment, clutch reconditioning is indicated. Reconditioning Drain oil, remove nameplate, and use this procedure. 1. Remove capscrews from clutch yoke and remove spacers. 2. Remove cross shaft. 3. Remove housing bolts and slide housing off. 4. Loosen bolts securing clutch assembly to crankshaft, then remove locking screw. 5. Pull clutch assembly off. 6. To replace clutch, simply turn adjusting collar off and remove plate. Reverse procedure for reassembly. Adjust and lubricate following previous instructions.
6. Speci fi cations 6 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com SOLENOID SHIFT STARTER 15.58 [.613] SPARK PLUG 526.49 [20.728] PRIMARY AIR FILTER ELEMENT REMOVAL 414.17 [16.306] SAFETY AIR FILTER ELEMENT REMOVAL 130.00 [5.118] AIR FILTER COVER ASSEMBLY REMOVAL 272.17 [10.715] 304.48 [11.987] 424.61 [16.717] 135.00 [5.315] AIR FILTER RAIN CAP REMOVAL 93.33 [3.674] OIL FILL LOCATION PULSE FUEL PUMP CRANKSHAFT 15.70 [.618] OIL FILTER REMOVAL 124.34 [4.895] 184.20 [7.252] 92.10 [3.626] CRANKSHAFT MOUNTING HOLE “A” ENGINE 3/8-16 UNC 2B 19.05 [.750] 1/4 IN. SQ KEYWAY 54.00 [2.126] 115.74 [4.557] 42.26 [1.664] OIL DIPSTICK 626.92 [24.682] 1/4 IN. SQ KEYWAY Ø 25.56 [1.125] 7/16-20 UNF 2B (INCH) 38.10 (1.500) 70.52 [2.776] 155.58 [6.125] 100.00 [3.937] 89.00 [3.504] ENGINE MOUNTING SURFACE 514.05 [20.238] ENGINE MOUNTING SURFACE 7/16-14 UNC 2B (INCH) 21.0 [.827] Ø 196.85 [7.75]B.C. 3/8-16 UNC 2B (INCH) 17.0 [.669] Ø 165.1 [6.50]B.C. LIFT STRAP 285.90 [11.256] 50.85 [2.002] 30 ̊ 30 ̊ 301.36 [11.864] 2X OIL DRAIN PLUG 3/8 NPT (INCH) MOUNTING HOLE “A” 440.88 [17.357] LIFT STRAP 89.00 [3.504] Engine Dimensions with Heavy-Duty Air Cleaner Dimensions in millimeters. Inch equivalents shown in [ ].
25. Troubleshooting-Carburetor Related Causes Condition Possible Cause Conclusion Engine starts hard, runs rough, or stalls at idle speed. Low idle fuel mixture (some models)/ speed improperly adjusted. Adjust low idle speed tab, then adjust low idle fuel needle. Engine runs rich (indicated by black, sooty exhaust smoke, mis fi ring, loss of speed and power, governor hunting, or excessive throttle opening). Clogged air cleaner. Clean or replace air cleaner. Choke partially closed during operation. Check choke lever/linkage to ensure choke is operating properly. Low idle fuel mixture is improperly adjusted. Adjust low idle fuel needle (some models). Float level is set too high. Separate carburetor air horn from carburetor body, adjust fl oat according to steps outlined in repair kit installation instructions. Dirt under fuel inlet needle. Remove needle; clean needle and seat and blow with compressed air. Bowl vent or air bleeds plugged. Remove low idle fuel adjusting needle. Clean vent, ports, and air bleeds. Blow out all passages with compressed air. Leaky, cracked, or damaged fl oat. Submerge fl oat to check for leaks. Engine runs lean (indicated by mis fi ring, loss of speed and power, governor hunting, or excessive throttle opening). Low idle fuel mixture is improperly adjusted. Adjust low idle fuel needle (some models). Float level is set too low. Separate carburetor air horn from carburetor body, adjust fl oat according to steps outlined in repair kit installation instructions. Idle holes plugged; dirt in fuel delivery channels. Remove low idle fuel adjusting needle. Clean main fuel jet and all passages; blow out with compressed air. Fuel leaks from carburetor. Float level is set too high. Separate carburetor air horn from carburetor body, adjust fl oat according to steps outlined in repair kit installation instructions. Dirt under fuel inlet needle. Remove needle; clean needle and seat and blow with compressed air. Bowl vents plugged. Blow out with compressed air. Carburetor bowl gasket leaks. Replace gasket. Fuel Shut-Off Solenoid Most carburetors are equipped with a fuel shut-off solenoid. Solenoid is attached to fuel bowl. Solenoid has a spring- loaded pin that retracts when 12 volts is applied to lead, allowing fuel fl ow to main jet. When current is removed, pin extends blocking fuel fl ow. Below is a simple test, performed with engine off, that can determine if solenoid is functioning properly. 1. Shut off fuel and remove solenoid from carburetor. When solenoid is loosened and removed, gas will leak out of carburetor. Have a container ready to catch fuel. 2. Wipe tip of solenoid with a shop towel or blow with compressed air to remove any remaining fuel. Take solenoid to a location with good ventilation and no fuel vapors present. You will also need a 12 volt power source that can be switched on and off. 3. Be sure power source is switched OFF. Connect positive power source lead to red lead of solenoid. Connect negative power source lead to solenoid body. 4. Turn power source ON and observe pin in center of solenoid. Pin should retract with power ON and return to its original position with power OFF. Test several times to verify operation. Fuel System 25 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
83. 8 mm Governor Lever and Hole Position/RPM Chart for CH20-CH740 Engines Governor Shaft Con fi guration Intended Maximum RPM Non-Accelerator Pump Carburetor Accelerator Pump Carburetor High Idle WOT Spring Color Hole No. Spring Color Hole No. Needle Bearing 3744 3600 Orange 2 - - 3120 3000 Clear 1 - - Standard (Parent Material) 3888 3600 Red 4 Purple 3 3780 3500 Purple 3 Black 3 3672 3400 Black 3 Red 3 3564 3300 Red 3 Orange 2 3456 3200 Purple 2 Blue 2 3348 3100 Blue 2 Orange 1 3240 3000 Orange 1 Black 1 3132 2900 Clear 2 Red 1 3024 2800 Red 1 Clear 1 8 mm Governor Lever and Hole Position/RPM Chart for CH750 Engines Governor Shaft Con fi guration Intended Maximum RPM With Governed Idle System High Idle WOT Spring Color Hole No. Standard (Parent Material) 3888 3780 3672 3564 3456 3348 3600 3500 3400 3300 3200 3100 Blue Purple Orange Green Black Red 3 2 1 1 1 1 Install Control Panel (if equipped) 1. Install panel to blower housing. 2. Connect throttle control cable or shaft. 3. Connect choke control cable to control bracket. 4. Connect Oil Sentry ™ indicator light wires. Install Valve Covers Torque Sequence 1 2 3 4 NOTE: Do not scrape old RTV sealant (if used) off sealing surface of cylinder head as this could cause damage and result in leaks. Use of gasket remover solvent (paint remover) is recommended. NOTE: Second fastener may secure fuel pump bracket on earlier models. Three valve cover designs have been used. First type used a gasket and RTV sealant between cover and sealing surface of cylinder head. Second type had a black O-ring installed in a groove on underside of cover and may have metal spacers in bolt holes. Latest design uses a yellow or brown O-ring, with bolt hole spacers molded in place. Tightening torque differs between gasket and O-ring style covers. Kits are available for converting to latest O-ring type covers. Differences are pointed out in following installation steps. 1. If using gasket or sealant type cover, prepare sealing surfaces of cylinder head and cover, refer to Tools and Aids for approved sealants. Always use fresh sealant. Using outdated sealant could result in leakage. With O-ring type covers, make sure sealing surfaces are clean. 2. Make sure there are no nicks or burrs on sealing surfaces. 3. For covers requiring RTV sealant, apply a 1.5 mm (1/16 in.) bead to sealing surface of both cylinder heads, install a new cover gasket on each, then apply a second bead of sealant on top surface of gaskets. For O-ring type covers, install a new O-ring in groove of each cover. Do not use gaskets or RTV sealant. 4. Locate cover with oil fi ll neck on same side as removed and install lifting strap in original position. With O-ring type covers, position cover on cylinder head. If loose spacers were used, insert a spacer in each screw hole. On both types, install four screws in each cover and fi nger tighten. 5. Torque valve cover fasteners to proper speci fi cation using sequence shown. Reassembly 83 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
47. 47 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Electrical System 3 Amp/70 Watt Lighting Stator NOTE: Always zero ohmmeter on each scale before testing to ensure accurate readings. Voltage tests should be made with engine running at 3600 RPM with no load. Battery must be good and fully charged. To test charging system for no charge to battery: 1. With engine running in fast setting, measure voltage across battery terminals using a DC voltmeter. Condition Conclusion Voltage is more than 12.5 volts. Charging system is OK Voltage is 12.5 volts or less. Stator or diode are probably faulty. Continue testing stator and diode. 2. Remove connector from recti fi er-regulator. With engine running in fast position, measure AC voltage across stator leads using an AC voltmeter. Condition Conclusion Voltage is 28 volts or more. Stator winding is OK. Voltage is less than 28 volts. Test stator using an ohmmeter. 3. With charging lead disconnected from battery and engine stopped, measure resistance from charging lead to ground using an ohmmeter. Note reading. Reverse leads and measure resistance again. In one direction, resistance should be in fi nity ohms (open circuit). With leads reversed, some resistance should be measured (about midscale on Rx1 range). Condition Conclusion Resistance is low in both directions. Diode is shorted. Replace diode. Resistance is high in both directions. Diode or stator winding is open. Continue testing. 4. Cut sleeving on charging lead to expose diode connections. Measure resistance from stator side of diode to ground using an ohmmeter. Condition Conclusion Resistance is approximately 1.07 ohms. Stator winding is OK, diode is open. Replace diode. Resistance is 0 ohms. Stator winding is shorted. Replace stator. Resistance is in fi nity ohms. Stator winding or lead is open. Replace stator. To test charging system for no lights: 1. Make sure lights are not burned out. Condition Conclusion Burned out lights. Replace. 2. Disconnect lighting lead from wiring harness. With engine running in fast setting, measure voltage from lighting lead to ground using an AC voltmeter. Condition Conclusion Voltage is 15 volts or more. Stator is OK. Check for loose connections or shorts in wiring harness. Voltage is less than 15 volts. Test stator using an ohmmeter. 3. With engine stopped, measure resistance of stator from lighting lead to ground using an ohmmeter. Condition Conclusion Resistance is approximately 0.4 ohms. Stator is OK. Resistance is 0 ohms. Stator is shorted. Replace stator. Resistance is in fi nity ohms. Stator or lighting lead is open. Replace stator.
19. 19 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Troubleshooting Condition Conclusion Crankcase breather clogged or inoperative. NOTE: If breather is integral part of valve cover and cannot be serviced separately, replace valve cover and recheck pressure. Disassemble breather, clean parts thoroughly, check sealing surfaces for fl atness, reassemble, and recheck pressure. Seals and/or gaskets leaking. Loose or improperly torque fasteners. Replace all worn or damaged seals and gaskets. Make sure all fasteners are tightened securely. Use appropriate torque valves and sequences when necessary. Piston blow by or leaky valves (con fi rm by inspecting components). Recondition piston, rings, cylinder bore, valves and valves guides. Restricted exhaust. Check exhaust screen/spark arrestor (if equipped). Clean or replace as needed. Repair or replace any other damaged/restricted muf fl er or exhaust system parts. CRANKCASE VACUUM TEST WARNING Carbon Monoxide can cause severe nausea, fainting or death. Avoid inhaling exhaust fumes. Engine exhaust gases contain poisonous carbon monoxide. Carbon monoxide is odorless, colorless, and can cause death if inhaled. To test crankcase vacuum with manometer: 1. Insert rubber stopper into oil fi ll hole. Be sure pinch clamp is installed on hose and use tapered adapters to connect hose between stopper and one manometer tube. Leave other tube open to atmosphere. Check that water level in manometer is at 0 line. Make sure pinch clamp is closed. 2. Start engine and run no-load high speed. 3. Open clamp and note water level in tube. Level in engine side should be a minimum of 10.2 cm (4 in.) above level in open side. If level in engine side is less than speci fi ed (low/no vacuum), or level in engine side is lower than level in open side (pressure), check for conditions in table below. 4. Close pinch clamp before stopping engine. To test crankcase vacuum with vacuum/pressure gauge: 1. Remove dipstick or oil fi ll plug/cap. 2. Install adapter into oil fi ll//dipstick tube opening, upside down over end of a small diameter dipstick tube, or directly into engine if a tube is not used. Insert barbed gauge fi tting into hole in stopper. 3. Run engine and observe gauge reading. Analog tester–needle movement to left of 0 is a vacuum, and movement to right indicates a pressure. Digital tester–depress test button on top of tester. Crankcase vacuum should be a minimum of 10.2 cm (4 in.) of water. If reading is below speci fi cation, or if pressure is present, check table below for possible causes and conclusions. WARNING Rotating Parts can cause severe injury. Stay away while engine is in operation. Keep hands, feet, hair, and clothing away from all moving parts to prevent injury. Never operate engine with covers, shrouds, or guards removed. A partial vacuum should be present in crankcase when engine is operating. Pressure in crankcase (normally caused by a clogged or improperly assembled breather) can cause oil to be forced out at oil seals, gaskets, or other available spots. Crankcase vacuum is best measured with either a water manometer or a vacuum gauge. Complete instructions are provided in kits.
78. 5. Repeat above steps for remaining cylinder. Do not interchange parts from cylinder heads. 6. Rotate crankshaft to check for free operation of valve train. Check clearance between valve spring coils at full lift. Minimum allowable clearance is 0.25 mm (0.010 in.). Check Assembly Rotate crankshaft a minimum of two revolutions to check longblock assembly and overall proper operation. Install Spark Plugs 1. Check gap using wire feeler gauge. Adjust gap to 0.76 mm (0.03 in.). 2. Install plug into cylinder head. 3. Torque plug to 27 N·m (20 ft. lb.). Install Ignition Modules 1. Rotate fl ywheel to position magnet away from ignition module bosses. 2. On engines equipped with SMART-SPARK ™ both modules are installed with tabs out. On engines not equipped with SMART-SPARK ™ modules are installed with spark plug lead wire from module always away from cylinder. On cylinder 1, single kill tab should be towards you. On cylinder 2, single kill tab should be away from you (in). 3. Install each ignition module to crankcase bosses with screws (hex fl ange or allen head, based on model). Slide modules up as far away from fl ywheel as possible and snug screws to hold them in position. 4. Rotate fl ywheel to position magnet directly under one ignition module. 5. Insert a 0.30 mm (0.012 in.) fl at feeler gauge between magnet and ignition module. Loosen screws enough to allow magnet to pull module down against feeler gauge. 6. Torque screws to 4.0-6.2 N·m (35-55 in. lb.). 7. Repeat steps 4 through 6 for other ignition module. 8. Rotate fl ywheel back and forth checking for clearance between magnet and ignition modules. Make sure magnet does not strike modules. Check gap with a feeler gauge and readjust if necessary. Final air gap: 0.280/0.330 mm (0.011/0.013 in.). Install Intake Manifold Torque Sequence 1 2 3 4 NOTE: If wires were disconnected from ignition modules on engines with SMART- SPARK ™ , reattach leads and seal base of terminal connectors with GE/Novaguard G661 or equivalent dielectric compound. Beads should overlap between terminals to form a solid bridge of compound. Do not put any compound inside terminals. 24 584 15-S ignition modules have a separator barrier between terminals. On these modules, seal base of terminals, but it is not necessary to have overlapping beads of sealant between connections. 1. Install intake manifold and new gaskets or O-rings (plastic manifold), with wiring harness attached, to cylinder heads. Slide any wiring harness clips onto appropriate bolts before installing. Make sure gaskets are in proper orientation. Torque screws in two stages, fi rst to 7.4 N·m (66 in. lb.), then to 9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.), using sequence shown. 2. Two-barrel manifold (carburetor) models: Route wiring harness through mounting clip on underside of debris shield if separated earlier. Carefully position debris shield as rearward as possible. 3. Connect kill lead to tab terminal on standard ignition modules. Reassembly 78 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
7. Speci fi cations 7 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com ENGINE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS Kohler engine identi fi cation numbers (model, speci fi cation and serial) should be referenced for ef fi cient repair, ordering correct parts, and engine replacement. Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CH620 Command Engine Horizontal Shaft Numerical Designation Speci fi cation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CH620-0001 Serial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3923500328 Year Manufactured Code Factory Code Code Year 39 2009 40 2010 41 2011 GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS 3,6 CH18/CH20/ CH22/ CH620-CH640 CH22/CH23/ CH670-CH680 CH25/ CH730/CH740 CH750 Bore 77 mm (3.03 in.) 80 mm (3.15 in.) 83 mm (3.27 in.) Stroke 67 mm (2.64 in.) 69 mm (2.7 in.) Displacement 624 cc (38 cu. in.) 674 cc (41 cu. in.) 725 cc (44 cu. in.) 747 cc (46 cu. in.) Oil Capacity (re fi ll) 1.6-1.8 L (1.7-1.9 U.S. qt.) Maximum Angle of Operation (@ full oil level) 4 25° TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS 3,5 CH18/CH20/ CH22/ CH620-CH640 CH22/CH23/ CH670-CH680 CH25/ CH730/CH740 CH750 Blower Housing and Sheet Metal M5 Fasteners 6.2 N·m (55 in. lb.) into new holes 4.0 N·m (35 in. lb.) into used holes M6 Fasteners 10.7 N·m (95 in. lb.) into new holes 7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.) into used holes Carburetor and Intake Manifold Intake Manifold Mounting Fastener (torque in 2 increments) fi rst to 7.4 N·m (66 in. lb.) fi nally to 9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.) M6 Mounting Screw 6.2-7.3 N·m (55-65 in. lb.) Adapter (for Heavy-Duty Air Cleaner) Mounting Fastener 7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.) Closure Plate Fastener 24.4 N·m (216 in. lb.) 3 Values are in Metric units. Values in parentheses are English equivalents. 4 Exceeding maximum angle of operation may cause engine damage from insuf fi cient lubrication. 5 Lubricate threads with engine oil prior to assembly. 6 Any and all horsepower (hp) references by Kohler are Certi fi ed Power Ratings and per SAE J1940 & J1995 hp standards. Details on Certi fi ed Power Ratings can be found at KohlerEngines.com.
32. Electrical System 32 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com SPARK PLUGS CAUTION Electrical Shock can cause injury. Do not touch wires while engine is running. Spark Plug Component and Details B A C D A Wire Gauge B Spark Plug C Ground Electrode D Gap NOTE: Do not clean spark plug in a machine using abrasive grit. Some grit could remain in spark plug and enter engine causing extensive wear and damage. Engine mis fi re or starting problems are often caused by a spark plug that has improper gap or is in poor condition. Engine is equipped with following spark plugs: Gap 0.76 mm (0.03 in.) Thread Size 14 mm Reach 19.1 mm (3/4 in.) Hex Size 15.9 mm (5/8 in.) Refer to Maintenance for Repairs/Service Parts. Service Clean out spark plug recess. Remove plug and replace. 1. Check gap using wire feeler gauge. Adjust gap to 0.76 mm (0.03 in.). 2. Install plug into cylinder head. 3. Torque plug to 27 N·m (20 ft. lb.). Inspection Inspect each spark plug as it is removed from cylinder head. Deposits on tip are an indication of general condition of piston rings, valves, and carburetor. Normal and fouled plugs are shown in following photos: Normal Plug taken from an engine operating under normal conditions will have light tan or gray colored deposits. If center electrode is not worn, plug can be set to proper gap and reused. Worn On a worn plug, center electrode will be rounded and gap will be greater than speci fi ed gap. Replace a worn spark plug immediately. Wet Fouled A wet plug is caused by excess fuel or oil in combustion chamber. Excess fuel could be caused by a restricted air cleaner, a carburetor problem, or operating engine with too much choke. Oil in combustion chamber is usually caused by a restricted air cleaner, a breather problem, worn piston rings, or valve guides.
46. Electrical System 46 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com 15/20/25 Amp Battery Charging Systems NOTE: Always zero ohmmeter on each scale before testing to ensure accurate readings. Voltage tests should be made with engine running at 3600 RPM with no load. Battery must be good and fully charged. When problems occur in keeping battery charged or battery charges at high rate, charging system or battery might be causing problems. To test charging system for no charge to battery: 1. Insert an ammeter in B+ lead from recti fi er-regulator. With engine running at 3600 RPM and B+ (at terminal on recti fi er-regulator) to ground using a DC voltmeter. If voltage is 13.8 volts or more, place a minimum load of 5 amps (turn on lights if 60 watts or more, or place a 2.5 ohm, 100 watt resistor across battery terminals) on battery to reduce voltage. Observe ammeter. Condition Conclusion Charge rate increases when load is applied. Charging system is OK and battery was fully charged. Charge rate does not increase when load is applied. Test stator and recti fi er- regulator (steps 2 and 3). 2. Remove connector from recti fi er-regulator. With engine running at 3600 RPM, measure AC voltage across stator leads using an AC voltmeter. Condition Conclusion Voltage is 28 volts or more. Stator is OK. Recti fi er- regulator is faulty; replace. Voltage is less than 28 volts. Stator is faulty; replace. Test stator further using an ohmmeter (steps 3 and 4). 3. With engine stopped, measure resistance across stator leads using an ohmmeter. Condition Conclusion Resistance is 0.1/0.2 ohms. Stator is OK. Resistance is 0 ohms. Stator is shorted; replace. Resistance is in fi nity ohms. Stator is open; replace. 4. With engine stopped, measure resistance from each stator lead to ground using an ohmmeter. Condition Conclusion Resistance is in fi nity ohms (no continuity). Stator is OK (not shorted to ground). Resistance (or continuity) measured. Stator leads are shorted to ground; replace. To test charging system for battery continuously charging at high rate: 1. With engine running at 3600 RPM, measure voltage from B+ lead to ground using a DC voltmeter. Condition Conclusion Voltage is 14.7 volts or less. Charging system is OK. Battery is unable to hold charge; service or replace. Voltage is more than 14.7 volts. Faulty recti fi er-regulator; replace.
52. Starter System 52 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com 2. Remove head screws securing solenoid to starter. 3. If solenoid was mounted with Phillips head screws, separate solenoid and plunger spring from drive end cap. If solenoid was mounted with external Torx head screws, plunger is part of solenoid, unhook plunger pin from drive lever. Remove gasket from recess in housing. 4. Remove thru (larger) bolts. 5. Remove commutator end plate assembly, containing brush holder, brushes, springs, and locking caps. Remove thrust washer from inside commutator end. 6. Remove frame from armature and drive end cap. 7. Remove drive lever pivot bushing and backing plate from end cap. 8. Take out drive lever and pull armature out of drive end cap. 9. Remove thrust washer from armature shaft. 10. Push stop collar down to expose retaining ring. 11. Remove retainer from armature shaft. Save stop collar. 12. Remove drive pinion assembly from armature. 13. Clean parts as required. Inspection Drive Pinion Check and inspect following areas: ● Pinion teeth for abnormal wear or damage. ● Surface between pinion and clutch mechanism for nicks or irregularities which could cause seal damage. ● Check drive clutch by holding clutch housing and rotating pinion. Pinion should rotate in only 1 direction. Brushes and Springs Detail A A Wear Limit Length Inspect both springs and brushes for wear, fatigue, or damage. Measure length of each brush. Minimum length for each brush is 7.6 mm (0.300 in.). Replace brushes if they are worn, undersize, or condition is questionable. Armature Components and Details A B A Commutator O.D. B Mica Insulation D E C C Insulation Check D Armature Coil E Continuity Check 1. Clean and inspect commutator (outer surface). Mica insulation must be lower than commutator bars (undercut) to ensure proper operation of commutator. 2. Use an ohmmeter set to Rx1 scale. Touch probes between 2 different segments of commutator, and check for continuity. Test all segments. Continuity must exist between all or armature is bad. 3. Check for continuity between armature coil segments and commutator segments. There should be no continuity. If continuity exists between any 2 armature is bad. 4. Check armature windings/insulation for shorting. Shift Fork Check that shift fork is complete, and pivot and contact areas are not excessively worn, cracked, or broken. Brush Replacement 4 brushes and springs are serviced as a set. Use a new Kohler brush and spring kit if replacement is necessary. 1. Perform steps 1-5 in Starter Disassembly. 2. Remove screws securing brush holder assembly to end cap (plate). Note orientation for reassembly later. Discard old brush holder assembly. 3. Clean component parts as required. 4. New brushes and springs come preassembled in a brush holder with a protective sleeve that will also serve as an installation tool. 5. Perform Steps 10-13 in Starter Reassembly sequence. Installation must be done after armature, drive lever, and frame are installed, if starter has been disassembled.
71. 71 Disassembly/Inspection and Service 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com If cylinder bore is badly scored, excessively worn, tapered, or out-of-round, resizing is necessary. Use an inside micrometer to determine amount of wear (refer to Speci fi cations), then select nearest suitable oversize of either 0.25 mm (0.010 in.) or 0.50 mm (0.020 in.). Resizing to one of these oversizes will allow usage of available oversize piston and ring assemblies. First, resize using a boring bar, then follow these procedures for honing cylinder. Honing Detail A A 23°-33° Crosshatch NOTE: Some CH25 engines feature POWER-BORE ™ cylinders a special patented nickel-silicone plating process for increased power, superior oil control, reduced exhaust emission, and virtually permanent cylinder life. POWER-BORE ™ cylinders cannot be resized or honed as described in these procedures. If a plated cylinder bore is damaged or out of speci fi cation, use a new miniblock or short block to repair engine. Use following procedure for crankcases with a cast iron sleeve. NOTE: Kohler pistons are custom-machined to exacting tolerances. When oversizing a cylinder, it should be machined exactly 0.25 mm (0.010 in.) or 0.50 mm (0.020 in.) over new diameter (refer to Speci fi cations). A corresponding oversize Kohler replacement piston will then fi t correctly. While most commercially available cylinder hones can be used with either portable drills or drill presses, use of a low speed drill press is preferred as it facilitates more accurate alignment of bore in relation to crankshaft crossbore. Honing is best accomplished at a drill speed of about 250 RPM and 60 strokes per minute. After installing coarse stones in hone, proceed as follows: 1. Lower hone into bore and after centering, adjust so stones are in contact with cylinder wall. Use of a commercial cutting-cooling agent is recommended. 2. With lower edge of each stone positioned even with lowest edge of bore, start drill and honing process. Move hone up and down while resizing to prevent formation of cutting ridges. Check size frequently. 3. When bore is within 0.064 mm (0.0025 in.) of desired size, remove coarse stones and replace them with burnishing stones. Continue with burnishing stones until bore is within 0.013 mm (0.0005 in.) of desired size and then use fi nish stones (220-280 grit) and polish bore to its fi nal size. A crosshatch should be observed if honing is done correctly. Crosshatch should intersect at approximately 23°-33° off horizontal. Too fl at an angle could cause rings to skip and wear excessively, and too steep an angle will result in high oil consumption. 4. After resizing, check bore for roundness, taper, and size. Use an inside micrometer, telescoping gauge, or bore gauge to take measurements. These measurements should be taken at 3 locations in cylinder–at top, middle, and bottom. There are 2 measurements that should be taken (perpendicular to each other) at all 3 locations. Clean Cylinder Bore After Honing Proper cleaning of cylinder walls following boring and/ or honing is very critical to a successful overhaul. Machining grit left in cylinder bore can destroy an engine in less than one hour of operation after a rebuild. Final cleaning operation should always be a thorough scrubbing with a brush and hot, soapy water. Use a strong detergent capable of breaking down machining oil while maintaining a good level of suds. If suds break down during cleaning, discard dirty water and start again with more hot water and detergent. Following scrubbing, rinse cylinder with very hot, clear water, dry it completely, and apply a light coating of engine oil to prevent rusting. Measuring Piston-to-Bore Clearance Piston Detail A A 6 mm (0.24 in.) NOTE: Do not use a feeler gauge to measure piston-to- bore clearance–it will yield inaccurate measurements. Always use a micrometer. Before installing piston into cylinder bore, it is necessary clearance be accurately checked. This step is often overlooked, and if clearances are not within speci fi cations, engine failure will usually result. Use following procedure to accurately measure piston- to-bore clearance: 1. Use a micrometer and measure diameter of piston 6 mm (0.24 in.) above bottom of piston skirt and perpendicular to piston pin. 2. Use an inside micrometer, telescoping gauge, or bore gauge and measure cylinder bore. Take measurement approximately 63.5 mm (2.5 in.) below top of bore and perpendicular to piston pin. 3. Piston-to-bore clearance is difference between bore diameter and piston diameter (step 2 minus step 1).
74. 5. Reinstall end play checking tool and recheck end play. Oil Pump Assembly Oil pump is mounted inside closure plate. If service was required, and oil pump was removed, refer to Disassembly/Inspection and Service. Governor Gear Assembly Governor gear assembly is located inside closure plate. If service was required, and governor was removed, refer to Disassembly/Inspection and Service. Thrust Bearing, Washer and Shim Thrust Bearing, Washer, and Shim Sequence D A B C E A Thrust Shim B Thrust Washer C Needle Thrust Bearing D Bearing Race E Closure Plate Some speci fi cations use a needle type thrust bearing, thrust washer and shim spacer to control end play of crankshaft. If these items are noted during disassembly, make sure they are reinstalled in sequence shown. A different procedure will have to be followed to check and adjust crankshaft end play on these models. Race for thrust bearing presses loosely into closure plate. If it is not already installed, push it into crankshaft bore inside closure plate. Pack thrust bearing with heavy grease and stick bearing into race. Wipe some grease on face of thrust washer and stick it onto thrust bearing. Wipe some grease on face of original shim spacer and stick it onto thrust washer. Install closure plate onto crankcase without applying RTV sealant and secure it with only two or three fasteners at this time. Use a dial indicator to check crankshaft end play. End play should be 0.05/0.50 mm (0.0020/0.0197 in.), except for CH25 engines below Serial No. 2403500008 end play should be 0.050/0.75 mm (0.0020/0.0295 in.). Shim spacers are available in three color coded thicknesses listed below if adjustment is needed. Crankshaft End Play Shims Green: 0.8366-0.9127 mm (0.8750 mm/0.034 in. Nominal) Yellow: 1.0652-1.1414 mm (1.1033 mm/0.043 in. Nominal) Red: 1.2938-1.3700 mm (1.3319 mm/0.052 in. Nominal) Remove closure plate. If end play requires adjustment, remove original spacer and install appropriate size shim spacer in its place. Then follow procedure under Install Closure Plate Assembly. Install Closure Plate Oil Seal Oil Seal Depth A B A Oil Seal B Seal Depth 8.0 mm (0.314 in.) 1. Check to make sure there are no nicks or burrs in crankshaft bore of closure plate. 2. Apply a light coat of engine oil to outside diameter of oil seal. 3. Drive oil seal into closure plate using a seal driver. Make sure oil seal is installed straight and true in bore to depth shown. Reassembly 74 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
73. Install Crankshaft Carefully slide fl ywheel end of crankshaft through main bearing in crankcase. Install Connecting Rods with Pistons and Rings Piston and Connecting Rod Details A B A Cylinder 1 B Cylinder 2 Connecting Rod Bolt Details A B C Type Torque A 8 mm Straight Shank 22.7 N·m (200 in. lb.) B 8 mm Step-Down 14.7 N·m (130 in. lb.) C 6 mm Straight Shank 11.3 N·m (100 in. lb.) NOTE: Cylinders are numbered on crankcase. Make sure to install piston, connecting rod and end cap into its appropriate cylinder bore as previously marked at disassembly. Do not mix end caps and connecting rods. NOTE: Proper orientation of piston/connecting rod assemblies inside engine is extremely important. Improper orientation can cause extensive wear or damage. Be certain pistons and connecting rods are assembled exactly as shown. NOTE: Align chamfer of connecting rod with chamfer of its mating end cap. When installed, fl at faces of connecting rods should face each other. Faces with raised rib should be toward outside. 1. Stagger piston rings in grooves until end gaps are 120° apart. Oil ring rails should also be staggered. 2. Lubricate cylinder bore, piston, and piston rings with engine oil. Compress rings of piston 1 using a piston ring compressor. 3. Lubricate crankshaft journals and connecting rod bearing surfaces with engine oil. 4. Make sure FLY stamping on piston is facing towards fl ywheel side of engine. Use a hammer with a rubber grip and gently tap piston into cylinder as shown. Be careful oil ring rails do not spring free between bottom of ring compressor and top of cylinder. 5. Install inner rod cap to connecting rod using screws. Three different types of connecting rod bolts have been used and each has a different torque value. If 8 mm straight shank type bolts are used, torque in increments to 22.7 N·m (200 in. lb.). If 8 mm step- down bolts are used, torque in increments to 14.7 N·m (130 in. lb.). If 6 mm straight shank bolts are used, torque in increments to 11.3 N·m (100 in. lb.). Illustrated instructions are provided in service rod package. 6. Repeat above procedure for other connecting rod and piston assembly. Install Camshaft 1. Liberally apply camshaft lubricant to each cam lobe. Lubricate camshaft bearing surfaces of crankcase and camshaft with engine oil. 2. Position timing mark of crankshaft gear at 12 o’clock position. 3. Turn governor cross shaft clockwise until lower end of shaft contacts cylinder. Make sure cross shaft remains in this position while installing camshaft. 4. Slide camshaft into bearing surface of crankcase, positioning timing mark of camshaft gear at 6 o’clock position. Make sure camshaft gear and crankshaft gear mesh, with both timing marks aligned. Determining Camshaft End Play 1. Install shim removed during disassembly onto camshaft. 2. Position camshaft end play checking tool on camshaft. 3. Apply pressure on camshaft end play checking tool (pushing camshaft toward crankshaft). Use a feeler gauge to measure camshaft end play between shim spacer and checking tool. Camshaft end play should be 0.076/0.127 mm (0.003/0.005 in.). 4. If camshaft end play is not within speci fi ed range, remove checking tool and replace shim as necessary. Several color coded shims are available: White: 0.69215/0.73025 mm (0.02725/0.02875 in.) Blue: 0.74295/0.78105 mm (0.02925/0.03075 in.) Red: 0.79375/0.83185 mm (0.03125/0.03275 in.) Yellow: 0.84455/0.88265 mm (0.03325/0.03475 in.) Green: 0.89535/0.99345 mm (0.03525/0.03675 in.) Gray: 0.94615/0.98425 mm (0.03725/0.03875 in.) Black: 0.99695/1.03505 mm (0.03925/0.04075 in.) Reassembly 73 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
33. 33 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Electrical System Carbon Fouled Soft, sooty, black deposits indicate incomplete combustion caused by a restricted air cleaner, over rich carburetion, weak ignition, or poor compression. Overheated Chalky, white deposits indicate very high combustion temperatures. This condition is usually accompanied by excessive gap erosion. Lean carburetor settings, an intake air leak, or incorrect spark timing are normal causes for high combustion temperatures. BATTERY A 12-volt battery with 400 cold cranking amps (cca) is generally recommended for starting in all conditions. A smaller capacity battery is often suf fi cient if an application is started only in warmer temperatures. Refer to following table for minimum capacities based on anticipated ambient temperatures. Actual cold cranking requirement depends on engine size, application, and starting temperatures. Cranking requirements increase as temperatures decrease and battery capacity shrinks. Refer to equipment's operating instructions for speci fi c battery requirements. Battery Size Recommendations Temperature Battery Required Above 32°F (0°C) 200 cca minimum 0°F to 32°F (-18°C to 0°C) 250 cca minimum -5°F to 0°F (-21°C to -18°C) 300 cca minimum -10°F (-23°C) or below 400 cca minimum If battery charge is insuf fi cient to turn over engine, recharge battery. Battery Maintenance Regular maintenance is necessary to prolong battery life. Battery Test To test battery, follow manufacturer's instructions. ELECTRONIC IGNITION SYSTEMS Ignition System Components A Kill Switch/ Off Position of Key Switch B Air Gap C Flywheel D Magnet E Spark Plug F Ignition Modules A B C D E F There are 3 different types of ignition systems used on these engines. All systems use an ignition module which energizes spark plug. Difference in systems is in way ignition timing is triggered. All ignition systems are designed to be trouble free for life of engine. Other than periodically checking/replacing spark plugs, no maintenance or timing adjustments are necessary or possible. Mechanical systems do occasionally fail or break down. Refer to Troubleshooting to determine root of a reported problem. Reported ignition problems are most often due to poor connections. Before beginning test procedure, check all external wiring. Be certain all ignition-related wires are connected, including spark plug leads. Be certain all terminal connections fi t snugly. Make sure ignition switch is in run position.
49. Starter System 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com 49 INERTIA DRIVE ELECTRIC STARTERS Inertia Drive Starter Components Style A Style B Style A Style B A G H D F I B C E A Dust Cover B Stop Nut C Stop Gear Spacer D Anti-Drift Spring E Dust Cover Spacer F Drive Pinion G Retaining Ring H Spring Retainer I Drive Nut (Collar) When power is applied to starter, armature rotates. As armature rotates, drive pinion moves out on drive shaft splines and into mesh with fl ywheel ring gear. When pinion reaches end of drive shaft, it rotates fl ywheel and cranks engine. When engine starts, fl ywheel rotates faster than starter armature and drive pinion. This moves drive pinion out of mesh with ring gear and into retracted position. When power is removed from starter, armature stops rotating and drive pinion is held in retracted position by anti-drift spring. Starter Drive Service Style A NOTE: Do not over-tighten vise as this can distort drive pinion. 1. Remove starter from engine and remove dust cover. 2. Hold drive pinion in a vice with soft jaws when removing or installing stop nut. Armature will rotate with nut until drive pinion stops against internal spacers. 3. Remove stop nut, stop gear spacer, anti-drift spring, dust cover spacer, and drive pinion. 4. Clean splines on drive shaft thoroughly with solvent. Dry splines thoroughly. 5. Apply a small amount of Kohler electric starter drive lubricant, to splines. Use of other lubricants may cause drive pinion to stick or bind. 6. Apply a small amount of Loctite ® 271 ™ to stop nut threads. 7. Install drive pinion, dust cover spacer, anti-drift spring, stop gear spacer, and stop nut. Torque stop nut to 17.0-19.2 N·m (150-170 in. lb.). Reinstall dust cover. Style B 1. Rubber dust cover has a molded lip on inside that snaps into a groove in dust cover spacer Turn drive pinion clockwise until it reaches fully extended position. While holding it in extended position, grasp tip of dust cover with a pliers or vise grip and pull it free from spacer. 2. Disassemble snap ring removal tool. 3. Grasp spring retainer and push it toward starter, compressing anti-drift spring and exposing retaining ring. 4. Holding spring retainer in retracted position, assemble inner halves of removal tool around armature shaft with retaining ring in inner groove. Slide collar over inner halves to hold them in position. 5. Thread center screw into removal tool until you feel resistance. Use a wrench (1-1/8 or adjustable) to hold base of removal tool. Use another wrench or socket (1/2" or 13 mm) to turn center screw clockwise. Resistance against center screw will tell you when retaining ring has popped out of groove in armature shaft. 6. Remove drive components from armature shaft, paying attention to sequence. If splines are dirty, clean them with solvent. 7. Splines should have a light fi lm of lubricant. Relubricate as necessary with Kohler starter drive lubricant. Reinstall or replace drive components, assembling them in reverse order they were removed.
4. Maintenance 4 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com OIL RECOMMENDATIONS We recommend use of Kohler oils for best performance. Other high-quality detergent oils (including synthetic) of API (American Petroleum Institute) service class SJ or higher are acceptable. Select viscosity based on air temperature at time of operation as shown in table below. FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS WARNING Explosive Fuel can cause fi res and severe burns. Do not fi ll fuel tank while engine is hot or running. Gasoline is extremely fl ammable and its vapors can explode if ignited. Store gasoline only in approved containers, in well ventilated, unoccupied buildings, away from sparks or fl ames. Spilled fuel could ignite if it comes in contact with hot parts or sparks from ignition. Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent. NOTE: E15, E20 and E85 are NOT approved and should NOT be used; effects of old, stale or contaminated fuel are not warrantable. Fuel must meet these requirements: ● Clean, fresh, unleaded gasoline. ● Octane rating of 87 (R+M)/2 or higher. ● Research Octane Number (RON) 90 octane minimum. ● Gasoline up to 10% ethyl alcohol, 90% unleaded is acceptable. ● Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) and unleaded gasoline blend (max 15% MTBE by volume) are approved. ● Do not add oil to gasoline. ● Do not over fi ll fuel tank. ● Do not use gasoline older than 30 days. STORAGE If engine will be out of service for 2 months or more follow procedure below. 1. Add Kohler PRO Series fuel treatment or equivalent to fuel tank. Run engine 2-3 minutes to get stabilized fuel into fuel system (failures due to untreated fuel are not warrantable). 2. Change oil while engine is still warm from operation. Remove spark plug(s) and pour about 1 oz. of engine oil into cylinder(s). Replace spark plug(s) and crank engine slowly to distribute oil. 3. Disconnect negative (-) battery cable. 4. Store engine in a clean, dry place.
27. Carburetor Servicing WARNING Accidental Starts can cause severe injury or death. Disconnect and ground spark plug lead(s) before servicing. Before working on engine or equipment, disable engine as follows: 1) Disconnect spark plug lead(s). 2) Disconnect negative (–) battery cable from battery. NOTE: Main and slow jets are fi xed and size speci fi c and can be removed if required. Fixed jets for high altitudes are available. ● Inspect carburetor body for cracks, holes, and other wear or damage. ● Inspect fl oat for cracks, holes, and missing or damaged fl oat tabs. Check fl oat hinge and shaft for wear or damage. ● Inspect fuel inlet needle and seat for wear or damage. ● Inspect spring loaded choke plate to make sure it moves freely on shaft. 1. Perform removal procedures for appropriate air cleaner and carburetor outlined in Disassembly. 2. Clean exterior surfaces of dirt or foreign material before disassembling carburetor. Remove bowl retaining screws, or solenoid assembly on most single cylinder engines, and carefully separate fuel bowl from carburetor. Do not damage fuel bowl O-rings. Transfer any remaining fuel into an approved container. Save all parts. Fuel can also be drained prior to bowl removal by loosening/removing bowl drain screw. 3. Remove fl oat pin (some carburetors may have a screw which requires removal), and inlet needle. Seat for inlet needle is not serviceable and should not be removed. 4. Clean carburetor bowl and inlet seat areas as required. 5. Carefully remove main jets from carburetor. For two-barrel carburetors, note and mark jets by location for proper reassembly. Main jets may be size/side speci fi c. After main jets are removed, on some carburetors, main nozzles can be removed through bottom of main towers. Note orientation/ direction of nozzles. End with 2 raised shoulders should be out/down adjacent to main jets. Save parts for cleaning and reuse. 6. Position of slow jet varies and is removable only on some styles of carburetors. See correct illustration for corresponding style of carburetor showing location. (On two-barrel carburetors, slow jets may be sized to speci fi c side. Mark or tag jets for proper reassembly. Note small O-ring on bottom of each jet.) Save parts for cleaning and reuse unless a jet kit is also being installed. Clean slow jets using compressed air. Do not use wire or carburetor cleaner. Carburetor is now disassembled for appropriate cleaning and installation of parts in overhaul kit. See instructions provided with repair kits for more detailed information. High Altitude Operation Engines may require a high altitude carburetor kit to ensure correct engine operation at altitudes above 1219 meters (4000 ft.). To obtain high altitude kit information or to fi nd a Kohler authorized dealer visit KohlerEngines.com or call1-800-544-2444 (U.S. and Canada). This engine should be operated in its original con fi guration below 1219 meters (4000 ft.) as damage may occur if high altitude carburetor kit is installed and operated below 1219 meters (4000 ft.). Fuel System 27 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
63. 63 Disassembly/Inspection and Service 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com 1. Remove screws or nuts and washers securing each cylinder head. Discard screws or nuts and washers once removed. Do not reuse. Studs (if present) should only be removed if damaged or if cylinder reconditioning is necessary. Once removed, they must be replaced. 2. Mark position of push rods as either intake or exhaust and cylinder 1 or 2. Push rods should always be reinstalled in same positions. 3. Carefully remove push rods, cylinder heads and head gaskets. 4. Remove lifters from lifter bores. Use a Hydraulic Lifter Tool. Do not use a magnet to remove lifters. Mark lifters by location, as either intake or exhaust and cylinder 1 or 2. Hydraulic lifters should always be reinstalled in same position. Disassemble Cylinder Heads NOTE: These engines use valve stem seals on intake valves. Use a new seal whenever valve is removed or if seal is deteriorated in any way. Never reuse an old seal. 1. Remove screws, rocker arm pivots and rocker arms from cylinder head. 2. Compress valve springs using a valve spring compressor. 3. Once valve spring is compressed, remove following items. ● Valve spring keepers. ● Valve spring retainers. ● Valve springs. ● Valve spring caps. ● Intake and exhaust valves (mark position). ● Valve stem seals (intake valve only). 4. Repeat above procedure for other cylinder head. Do not interchange parts from one cylinder head to other. Inspection and Service Valve Details EXHAUST VALVE INTAKE VALVE EXHAUST INSERT INTAKE INSERT H H G G E E F F A A C D D B B Dimension Intake Exhaust A Seat Angle 89° 89° B Insert O.D. 36.987/37.013 mm (1.4562/1.4572 in.) 32.987/33.013 mm (1.2987/1.2997 in.) C Guide Depth 4 mm (0.1575 in.) 6.5 mm (0.2559 in.) D Guide I.D. 7.038/7.058 mm (0.2771/0.2779 in.) 7.038/7.058 mm (0.2771/0.2779 in.) E Valve Head Diameter 33.37/33.63 mm (1.3138/1.3240 in.) 29.37/29.63 mm (1.1563/1.1665 in.) F Valve Face Angle 45° 45° G Valve Margin (Min.) 1.5 mm (0.0591 in.) 1.5 mm (0.0591 in.) H Valve Stem Diameter 6.982/7.000 mm (0.2749/0.2756 in.) 6.970/6.988 mm (0.2744/0.2751 in.)
64. 64 Disassembly/Inspection and Service KohlerEngines.com 24 690 06 Rev. C After cleaning, check fl atness of cylinder head and corresponding top surface of crankcase, using a surface plate or piece of glass and feeler gauge as shown. Maximum allowable out of fl atness is 0.076 mm (0.003 in.). Carefully inspect valve mechanism parts. Inspect valve springs and related hardware for excessive wear or distortion. Check valves and valve seat area or inserts for evidence of deep pitting, cracks, or distortion. Check clearance of valve stems in guides. Hard starting or loss of power accompanied by high fuel consumption may be symptoms of faulty valves. Although these symptoms could also be attributed to worn rings, remove and check valves fi rst. After removal, clean valve heads, faces, and stems with a power wire brush. Then, carefully inspect each valve for defects such as a warped head, excessive corrosion, or a worn stem end. Replace valves found to be in bad condition. Valve Guides If a valve guide is worn beyond speci fi cations, it will not guide valve in a straight line. This may result in burnt valve faces or seats, loss of compression, and excessive oil consumption. To check valve guide-to-valve stem clearance, thoroughly clean valve guide and, using a split-ball gauge, measure inside diameter of guide. Then, using an outside micrometer, measure diameter of valve stem at several points on stem where it moves in valve guide. Use largest stem diameter to calculate clearance by subtracting stem diameter from guide diameter. If intake clearance exceeds 0.038/0.076 mm (0.0015/0.0030 in.) or exhaust clearance exceeds 0.050/0.088 mm (0.0020/0.0035 in.), determine whether valve stem or guide is responsible for excessive clearance. Maximum (I.D.) wear on intake valve guide is 7.134 mm (0.2809 in.) while 7.159 mm (0.2819 in.) is maximum allowed on exhaust guide. Guides are not removable but can be reamed 0.25 mm (0.010 in.) oversize. Valves with 0.25 mm oversize stems must then be used. If guides are within limits but valve stems are worn beyond limits, install new valves. Valve Seat Inserts Hardened steel alloy intake and exhaust valve seat inserts are press fi tted into cylinder head. Inserts are not replaceable but can be reconditioned if not too badly pitted or distorted. If cracked or badly warped, cylinder head should be replaced. Recondition valve seat inserts following instructions provided with valve seat cutter being used. Final cut should be made with an 89° cutter as speci fi ed for valve seat angle. Cutting proper 45° valve face angle as speci fi ed, and proper valve seat angle (44.5°, half of full 89° angle), will achieve desired 0.5° (1.0° full cut) interference angle where maximum pressure occurs on outside diameters of valve face and seat. Lapping Valves Reground or new valves must be lapped in, to provide proper fi t. Use a hand valve grinder with a suction cup for fi nal lapping. Lightly coat valve face with a fi ne grade of grinding compound, then rotate valve on its seat with grinder. Continue grinding until a smooth surface is obtained on seat and on valve face. Thoroughly clean cylinder head in soap and hot water to remove all traces of grinding compound. After drying cylinder head, apply a light coating of SAE 10 oil to prevent rusting. Intake Valve Stem Seal These engines use valve stem seals on intake valves. Always use a new seal when valves are removed from cylinder head. Seals should also be replaced if deteriorated or damaged in any way. Never reuse an old seal. Hydraulic Lifters Inspection Check base surface of hydraulic lifters for wear or damage. If lifters need to be replaced, apply a liberal coating of Kohler lubricant to base of each new lifter before it is installed. Bleeding Lifters To prevent a possible bent push rod or broken rocker arm, it is important to bleed any excess oil out of lifters before they are installed. 1. Cut a 50-75 mm (2-3 in.) piece from end of an old push rod and chuck it in a drill press. 2. Lay a rag or shop towel on table of drill press and place lifter, open end up, on towel. 3. Lower chucked push rod until it contacts plunger in lifter. Slowly pump plunger 2 or 3 times to force oil out of feed hole in side of lifter.
2. Safety 2 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com SAFETY PRECAUTIONS WARNING: A hazard that could result in death, serious injury, or substantial property damage. CAUTION: A hazard that could result in minor personal injury or property damage. NOTE: is used to notify people of important installation, operation, or maintenance information. WARNING Explosive Fuel can cause fi res and severe burns. Do not fi ll fuel tank while engine is hot or running. Gasoline is extremely fl ammable and its vapors can explode if ignited. Store gasoline only in approved containers, in well ventilated, unoccupied buildings, away from sparks or fl ames. Spilled fuel could ignite if it comes in contact with hot parts or sparks from ignition. Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent. WARNING Rotating Parts can cause severe injury. Stay away while engine is in operation. Keep hands, feet, hair, and clothing away from all moving parts to prevent injury. Never operate engine with covers, shrouds, or guards removed. WARNING Carbon Monoxide can cause severe nausea, fainting or death. Avoid inhaling exhaust fumes. Engine exhaust gases contain poisonous carbon monoxide. Carbon monoxide is odorless, colorless, and can cause death if inhaled. WARNING Accidental Starts can cause severe injury or death. Disconnect and ground spark plug lead(s) before servicing. Before working on engine or equipment, disable engine as follows: 1) Disconnect spark plug lead(s). 2) Disconnect negative (–) battery cable from battery. WARNING Hot Parts can cause severe burns. Do not touch engine while operating or just after stopping. Never operate engine with heat shields or guards removed. WARNING Cleaning Solvents can cause severe injury or death. Use only in well ventilated areas away from ignition sources. Carburetor cleaners and solvents are extremely fl ammable. Follow cleaner manufacturer’s warnings and instructions on its proper and safe use. Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent. CAUTION Electrical Shock can cause injury. Do not touch wires while engine is running. CAUTION Damaging Crankshaft and Flywheel can cause personal injury. Using improper procedures can lead to broken fragments. Broken fragments could be thrown from engine. Always observe and use precautions and procedures when installing fl ywheel. CAUTION Failure to utilize or reassemble debris screen as designed could result in debris screen failure and serious personal injury. WARNING Uncoiling Spring can cause severe injury. Wear safety goggles or face protection when servicing retractable starter. Retractable starters contain a powerful, recoil spring that is under tension. Always wear safety goggles when servicing retractable starters and carefully follow instructions in Retractable Starter for relieving spring tension.
29. Governor System 29 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Sensitivity Adjustment Governor sensitivity is adjusted by repositioning governor spring in holes of governor lever. If speed surging occurs with a change in engine load, governor is set too sensitive. If a big drop in speed occurs when normal load is applied, governor should be set for greater sensitivity and adjust as follows: 1. To increase sensitivity, move spring closer to governor cross shaft. 2. To decrease sensitivity, move spring away from governor cross shaft. ELECTRONIC GOVERNOR Electronic governor regulates engine speed at varying loads. Typical electronic governor includes: ● Digital linear actuator. ● Throttle linkage. ● Linkage spring. ● Choke linkage. ● Throttle lever adapter. ● Governor Control Unit. Digital Linear Actuator (DLA) Energizing bi-directional digital linear actuator coils in proper sequence, causes threaded shaft to move out of, or back into rotor, in precise linear increments. When power is removed, actuator shaft remains in position. DLA must initialize (fully extend) to move throttle plate to closed position, and partially open for starting. Correct adjustment of DLA is critical to achieve full range of throttle plate movement. See Adjustment. Governor control unit (GCU) senses engine speed by pulse voltage inputs from ignition modules. GCU regulates engine speed by variable input voltage from a customer-supplied potentiometer or a single pole, single throw (SPST) switch. NOTE: Actual speeds depend on application. Refer to equipment manufacturer’s recommendations. Potentiometer Speci fi cations Wiper Voltage Engine Speed (RPM) 0-1 Low Speed Endpoint 1-9 Variable Speed Endpoint 9-16 High Speed Endpoint SPST Switch Speci fi cations Switch Position Engine Speed (RPM) Open Low Speed Endpoint Closed High Speed Endpoint GCU Safety Features In event of an engine overspeed condition, GCU will shut down engine by grounding ignition modules. GCU will shut down engine by grounding ignition when power to GCU is lost. Linkage Throttle linkage spring will fully open throttle plate if linkage becomes detached from DLA. This will create an overspeed condition causing engine to shut down. DLA shaft will have to be manually screwed back into body, and then retracted before reassembling linkage. Adjustment DLA must be in fully retracted position during assembly. Full range of throttle plate movement will not be achieved if DLA is partially extended when assembled. Loosen DLA mounting plate screws located on top of actuator plate. With throttle linkage centered in U-Clip or secured with a retaining clip at end of DLA shaft, slide DLA bracket assembly back until throttle plate is fully open. Torque mounting plate screws to 2.5 N·m (22 in. lb.). Troubleshooting Engine Starts But Will Not Continue to Run 1. Check linkage connection between DLA and throttle plate. 2. Verify DLA initializes when power is supplied (key switch in start or run position). 3. Test potentiometer wiper output voltage (if equipped). 4. Test SPST switch (if equipped). 5. Check wire harness and connections. Engine Does Not Run At Expected Speed 1. Check to see that throttle linkage and DLA have full range of motion having no mechanical interference. 2. Test potentiometer wiper voltage (if equipped). 3. Test SPST switch (if equipped).
42. Electrical System 42 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Test Ignition Modules and Connections (Smart- Spark ™ only) NOTE: Resistance values apply only to modules that have been on a running engine. New service modules may have higher resistance until they have been run. 1. Remove blower housing from engine. Inspect wiring for any damage, cuts, bad crimps, loose terminals, or broken wires. 2. Disconnect leads from ignition module(s) and clean all of terminals (male and female) with aerosol electrical contact cleaner to remove any old dielectric compound, dark residue, dirt, or contamination. Disconnect spark plug leads from spark plugs. 3. Remove one mounting screw from each ignition module. If mounting screws are black, remove them both and discard. Look in mounting hole with a fl ashlight and use a small round wire brush to remove any loose rust from laminations inside mounting hole. 4. Use a digital ohmmeter to check resistance values and compare them to ignition module resistance table. When testing resistance to laminations, touch probe to laminations inside screw hole, as some laminations have a rust preventative coating on surface which could alter resistance reading. 2 1 4 2 1 3 24 584 03 or 24 584 11 (1 11/16 in. High) 24 584 15-S or 24 584 36-S (2 1/16 in. High) Test (Use Digital Ohmmeter) From No. 1 to 4 From No. 2 to 4 From No. 3 to 4 24 584 03 24 584 11 (1 11/16 in. H) 945 to 1175 ohms 149 to 166 ohms 3750 to 7000 ohms 24 584 15-S (2 1/16 in. H) 890 to 1175 ohms 119 to 136 ohms 5600 to 9000 ohms 24 584 36-S (2 1/16 in. H) 590 to 616 ohms 183 to 208 ohms 8000 to 40,000 ohms Ignition Module Resistance Table Condition Possible Cause Conclusion All resistance values are within ranges speci fi ed in table. Ignition Module Gap Check and adjust ignition module gap. At least 1 resistance value is not within ranges speci fi ed in table. Ignition Module Ignition module is faulty and should be replaced. 5. Check and/or adjust ignition module air gap(s). An air gap of 0.28/0.33 mm (0.011/0.013 in.) must be maintained under all three legs of ignition module(s). Checking/adjusting should be performed with parts at room temperature. Condition Possible Cause Conclusion Module was not loosened or replaced. Ignition Module Air Gap Check that speci fi ed air gap is present under all three legs. If gap is correct, reinstall second mounting screw removed earlier and recheck gap after tightening. Module was loosened or replaced. Ignition Module Adjust ignition module air gap. a. Adjust ignition module air gap. 1. Turn fl ywheel magnet away from module position. 2. Attach module to mounting legs, pull it away from fl ywheel, and tighten screws to hold it temporarily. 3. Rotate fl ywheel so magnet is centered under module. 4. Position a 0.30 mm (0.012 in.) feeler gauge between magnet and all three legs of module. Ignition module air gap is critical to proper system performance. Do not attempt to set it with a business card or folded micro fi che card. Use feeler gauge speci fi ed. 5. Loosen mounting screws, allow magnet to pull module down against feeler gauge, and retighten mounting screws. 6. Rotate fl ywheel to remove feeler gauge, position magnet back under module, and recheck that speci fi ed gap, minimum of 0.28 mm (0.011 in.), exists under each leg of module. When you are certain gap is correct, torque module mounting screws to 4.0 N·m (35 in. lb.). Repeat these 6 steps to set other ignition module. 6. Reattach lead wires to ignition module(s), noting if resistance is felt, indicating a snug fi t between male and female terminals. If any connections do not feel snug, disconnect lead, lightly pinch female terminal with a pliers, and recheck fi t. 7. When integrity of all connections has been veri fi ed, retest for spark.
14. Tools and Aids 14 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Certain quality tools are designed to help you perform speci fi c disassembly, repair, and reassembly procedures. By using these tools, you can properly service engines easier, faster, and safer! In addition, you’ll increase your service capabilities and customer satisfaction by decreasing engine downtime. Here is a list of tools and their source. SEPARATE TOOL SUPPLIERS Kohler Tools Contact your local Kohler source of supply. SE Tools 415 Howard St. Lapeer, MI 48446 Phone 810-664-2981 Toll Free 800-664-2981 Fax 810-664-8181 Design Technology Inc. 768 Burr Oak Drive Westmont, IL 60559 Phone 630-920-1300 Fax 630-920-0011 TOOLS Description Source/Part No. Alcohol Content Tester For testing alcohol content (%) in reformulated/oxygenated fuels. Kohler 25 455 11-S Camshaft Endplay Plate For checking camshaft endplay. SE Tools KLR-82405 Camshaft Seal Protector (Aegis) For protecting seal during camshaft installation. SE Tools KLR-82417 Cylinder Leakdown Tester For checking combustion retention and if cylinder, piston, rings, or valves are worn. Individual component available: Adapter 12 mm x 14 mm (Required for leakdown test on XT-6 engines) Kohler 25 761 05-S Design Technology Inc. DTI-731-03 Dealer Tool Kit (Domestic) Complete kit of Kohler required tools. Components of 25 761 39-S Ignition System Tester Cylinder Leakdown Tester Oil Pressure Test Kit Recti fi er-Regulator Tester (120 V AC/60Hz) Kohler 25 761 39-S Kohler 25 455 01-S Kohler 25 761 05-S Kohler 25 761 06-S Kohler 25 761 20-S Dealer Tool Kit (International) Complete kit of Kohler required tools. Components of 25 761 42-S Ignition System Tester Cylinder Leakdown Tester Oil Pressure Test Kit Recti fi er-Regulator Tester (240 V AC/50Hz) Kohler 25 761 42-S Kohler 25 455 01-S Kohler 25 761 05-S Kohler 25 761 06-S Kohler 25 761 41-S Digital Vacuum/Pressure Tester For checking crankcase vacuum. Individual component available: Rubber Adapter Plug Design Technology Inc. DTI-721-01 Design Technology Inc. DTI-721-10 Electronic Fuel Injection (EFI) Diagnostic Software For Laptop or Desktop PC. Kohler 25 761 23-S EFI Service Kit For troubleshooting and setting up an EFI engine. Components of 24 761 01-S Fuel Pressure Tester Noid Light 90° Adapter In-line "T" Fitting Code Plug, Red Wire Code Plug, Blue Wire Shrader Valve Adapter Hose Kohler 24 761 01-S Design Technology Inc. DTI-019 DTI-021 DTI-023 DTI-035 DTI-027 DTI-029 DTI-037 Flywheel Holding Tool (CS) For holding fl ywheel of CS series engines. SE Tools KLR-82407 Flywheel Puller For properly removing fl ywheel from engine. SE Tools KLR-82408 Flywheel Strap Wrench For holding fl ywheel during removal. SE Tools KLR-82409
70. 70 Disassembly/Inspection and Service KohlerEngines.com 24 690 06 Rev. C E G F H E Fillet Must Blend Smoothly with Bearing Journal Surface F High Point from Fillet Intersections G 45° Minimum H This Fillet Area Must Be Completely Smooth NOTE: If crankpin is reground, visually check to ensure fi llet blends smoothly with crankpin surface. Carefully pull crankshaft from crankcase. Note thrust washers and shims if used. Inspect gear teeth of crankshaft. If teeth are badly worn, chipped, or some are missing, replacement of crankshaft will be necessary. Inspect crankshaft bearing surfaces for scoring, grooving, etc. Some engines have bearing inserts in crankshaft bore of closure plate and/or crankcase. Do not replace bearings unless they show signs of damage or are out of running clearance speci fi cations. If crankshaft turns easily and noiselessly, and there is no evidence of scoring, grooving, etc., on races or bearing surfaces, bearings can be reused. Inspect crankshaft keyways. If they are worn or chipped, replacement of crankshaft will be necessary. Inspect crankpin for score marks or metallic pickup. Slight score marks can be cleaned with crocus cloth soaked in oil. If wear limits, as stated in Speci fi cations and Tolerances are exceeded, it will be necessary to either replace crankshaft or regrind crankpin to 0.25 mm (0.010 in.) undersize. If reground, a 0.25 mm (0.010 in.) undersize connecting rod (big end) must then be used to achieve proper running clearance. Measure crankpin for size, taper, and out-of-round. Connecting rod journal can be ground one size under. When grinding a crankshaft, grinding stone deposits can get caught in oil passages, which could cause severe engine damage. Removing crankpin plug when crankshaft is ground provides easy access for removing any grinding deposits collected in oil passages. Use following procedure to remove and replace plug. Procedure to Remove Crankshaft Plug: 1. Drill a 3/16" hole through plug in crankshaft. 2. Thread a 3/4" or 1" long self-tapping screw with a fl at washer into drilled hole. Flat washer must be large enough to seat against shoulder of plug bore. 3. Tighten self-tapping screw until it draws plug out of crankshaft. Procedure to Install New Plug: Use 1 single cylinder camshaft pin as a driver and tap plug into plug bore until it seats at bottom of bore. Make sure plug is tapped in evenly to prevent leakage. Remove Governor Cross Shaft 1. Remove hitch pin and plain washer, or retainer and nylon washer from governor cross shaft. 2. Pull cross shaft with small washer out through inside of crankcase. Governor Cross Shaft Oil Seal Cross Shaft Oil Seal Details B A A 2.0 mm (0.0787 in.) B Governor Cross Shaft Seal If governor cross shaft seal is damaged and/or leaks, replace it using following procedure. Remove oil seal from crankcase and replace it with a new one. Install new seal to depth shown using a seal installer. Remove Flywheel End Oil Seal Remove oil seal from crankcase. Crankcase Inspection and Service Check all gasket surfaces to make sure they are free of gasket fragments. Gasket surfaces must also be free of deep scratches or nicks. Inspect main bearing (if equipped) for wear or damage. Replace crankcase using a miniblock or short block as required. Check cylinder bore wall for scoring. In severe cases, unburned fuel can cause scuf fi ng and scoring of cylinder wall. It washes necessary lubricating oils off piston and cylinder wall. As raw fuel seeps down cylinder wall, piston rings make metal to metal contact with wall. Scoring of cylinder wall can also be caused by localized hot spots resulting from blocked cooling fi ns or from inadequate or contaminated lubrication.
44. Electrical System 44 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com To test ASAM only using 25 761 21-S tester: NOTE: SAM must be at room temperature when tested. Disconnect all SAM leads, isolating it from main wiring harness and ignition module(s). Testing may be performed with module mounted or loose. NOTE: Do not allow alligator clip leads to touch each other. 1. Connect tester to SAM by attaching: a. Yellow tester lead to long yellow module lead. b. Brown tester lead to long brown module lead. c. Red tester lead to red module lead. d. Green tester lead to green module lead. 2. Check SAM part number stamped on side of housing. Verify that you have an analog SAM (ASAM) Part No. 24 584 10 or lower, not a digital SAM (DSAM) Part No. 24 584 18 and higher. Follow sub-step a for testing an ASAM with this tester. Digital SAM (DSAM) modules require Tester 25 761 40-S for proper testing. a. Depress tester button and hold it down. After approximately four seconds, a numerical sequence should be displayed, beginning with 1 or 2 and continuing to 8 or 9, followed by a letter P (pass) or F (fail). Do not release tester button until test cycle completes and display goes off. If you get a (–) sign instead of numerical sequence, and/or an F at end of cycle, SAM is probably bad. Recheck all connections, check condition of tester battery and repeat test. If you get (–) sign and/or F again in retest, replace that SAM. 3. Disconnect yellow and brown tester leads from long module leads. Connect brown tester lead to short brown module lead. Connect yellow tester lead to short yellow (or pink) module lead. Leave red and green leads connected. Repeat step 2. To test DSAM and ASAM using 25 761 40-S tester: NOTE: Do not allow alligator clip leads to touch each other. NOTE: SAM must be at room temperature when tested. Disconnect all SAM leads, isolating it from main wiring harness and ignition module(s). Testing may be performed with module mounted or loose. NOTE: Some modules contain two black ground leads, with one containing a white stripe. Do not connect to black/white lead with bullet connector or a Fail test result will occur, regardless of actual condition. Test procedure for twin cylinder SAMs will vary slightly, depending on whether module is analog (ASAM) or digital (DSAM). 1. Check SAM part number stamped on end of housing. a. If it is an ASAM (24 584 09 or 24 584 10), separate short yellow and brown leads from long ones. Each set will be tested separately. Connect tester to SAM as follows: ● Yellow tester lead to long yellow module lead. ● Brown tester lead to long brown module lead. ● Red tester lead to red module lead. ● Black tester lead to black or green module lead. Remaining tester leads (pink and brown with black band) are not used for testing ASAMs. b. If it is a DSAM (all except 24 584 09 or 24 584 10), connect tester as follows: ● Yellow tester lead to long yellow module lead. ● Brown tester lead to long brown module lead. ● Red tester lead to red module lead. ● Black tester lead to green or black module ground lead with eyelet terminal. ● Pink tester lead to short yellow or pink module lead. ● Brown tester lead with black band or terminal to short brown module lead. 2. Recheck SAM part number, noting last two digits. Refer to table below or on tester faceplate to determine test number to be used. SAM Part No. 12 584 12 24 584 09 24 584 10 24 584 30 24 584 31 24 584 33 24 584 34 24 584 32 Test No. 1234 SAM Part No. - 24 584 18 24 584 27 24 584 19 24 584 38 24 584 39 Test No. 5678 3. Depress tester button repeatedly until correct test number appears on display. After a few seconds, test number will fl ash three times and test will begin. A reverse numerical sequence will be displayed, starting with a 6 and progressing down to 1, followed by a P (pass) or F (fail), indicating condition of part. If testing an ASAM, return to step 1 and move yellow and brown tester leads to short set of module leads, then repeat test. 4. If you get a (–) sign instead of numerical sequence, and/or an F at end of test cycle, recheck all of connections, check condition of tester battery and repeat test. If you get (–) or F sign again in retest replace SAM. BATTERY CHARGING SYSTEM NOTE: Observe following guidelines to avoid damage to electrical system and components: ● Make sure battery polarity is correct. A negative (–) ground system is used. ● Disconnect recti fi er-regulator plug and/or wiring harness plug before doing any electric welding on equipment powered by engine. Disconnect all other electrical accessories in common ground with engine. ● Prevent stator (AC) leads from touching or shorting while engine is running. This could damage stator. Most engines are equipped with a 15 or 20 amp regulated charging system. Some have a 25 amp regulated charging system. Some engines utilize a 3 amp unregulated system with optional 70 watt lighting circuit.
67. 67 Disassembly/Inspection and Service 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Governor Gear Assembly Governor Shaft Component and Details C B A A Gear Shaft B 19.40 mm (0.7638 in.) C 34.0 mm (1.3386 in.) 33.5 mm (1.3189 in.) Governor gear assembly is located inside closure plate. If service is required, refer to Inspection, Disassembly, and Reassembly procedures. Inspection Inspect governor gear teeth. Replace gear if it is worn, chipped, or if any teeth are missing. Inspect governor weights. They should move freely in governor gear. Disassembly NOTE: Governor gear is held onto shaft by small molded tabs in gear. When gear is removed from shaft, these tabs are destroyed and gear must be replaced. Therefore, remove gear only if absolutely necessary. Governor gear must be replaced once it is removed from closure plate. 1. Remove regulating pin and governor gear assembly. 2. Remove locking tab thrust washer located under governor gear assembly. 3. Carefully inspect governor gear shaft and replace it only if it is damaged. After removing damaged shaft, press or lightly tap replacement shaft into closure plate to depth shown. Reassembly 1. Install locking tab thrust washer on governor gear shaft with tab down. 2. Position regulating pin within governor gear/ fl yweight assembly and slide both onto governor shaft. Oil Pump Assembly F H I G C B J A E D A Oil Pump (Original Style) B Oil Pump (Later Style) C Oil Pickup Tube D Roll Pin E Piston F Spring G O-ring H Plastic Oil Pickup I One-Piece Relief Valve J Torque Sequence
69. 69 Disassembly/Inspection and Service 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com NOTE: Rings must be installed correctly. Ring installation instructions are usually included with new ring sets. Follow instructions carefully. Use a piston ring expander to install rings. Install bottom (oil control) ring fi rst and top compression ring last. Scuf fi ng and scoring of pistons and cylinder walls occurs when internal engine temperatures approach welding point of piston. Temperatures high enough to do this are created by friction, which is usually attributed to improper lubrication and/or overheating of engine. Normally, very little wear takes place in piston boss- piston pin area. If original piston and connecting rod can be reused after new rings are installed, original pin can also be reused but new piston pin retainers are required. Piston pin is included as part of piston assembly – if pin boss in piston or pin are worn or damaged, a new piston assembly is required. Ring failure is usually indicated by excessive oil consumption and blue exhaust smoke. When rings fail, oil is allowed to enter combustion chamber where it is burned along with fuel. High oil consumption can also occur when piston ring end gap is incorrect because ring cannot properly conform to cylinder wall under this condition. Oil control is also lost when ring gaps are not staggered during installation. When cylinder temperatures get too high, lacquer and varnish collect on pistons causing rings to stick, which results in rapid wear. A worn ring usually takes on a shiny or bright appearance. Scratches on rings and pistons are caused by abrasive material such as carbon, dirt, or pieces of hard metal. Detonation damage occurs when a portion of fuel charge ignites spontaneously from heat and pressure shortly after ignition. This creates two fl ame fronts which meet and explode to create extreme hammering pressures on a speci fi c area of piston. Detonation generally occurs from using low octane fuels. Preignition or ignition of fuel charge before timed spark can cause damage similar to detonation. Preignition damage is often more severe than detonation damage. Preignition is caused by a hot spot in combustion chamber from sources such as glowing carbon deposits, blocked cooling fi ns, an improperly seated valve, or wrong spark plug(s). Replacement pistons are available in STD bore size, and in 0.25 mm (0.010 in.), and 0.50 mm (0.020 in.) oversize. Replacement pistons include new piston ring sets and new piston pins. Replacement ring sets are also available separately for STD, 0.25 mm (0.010 in.), and 0.50 mm (0.020 in.) oversize pistons. Always use new piston rings when installing pistons. Never use old rings. Some important points to remember when servicing piston rings: 1. Cylinder bore must be deglazed before service ring sets are used. 2. If cylinder bore does not need reboring and if old piston is within wear limits and free of score or scuff marks, old piston may be reused. 3. Remove old rings and clean up grooves. Never reuse old rings. 4. Before installing new rings on piston, place top two rings, each in turn, in its running area in cylinder bore and check end gap. Compare ring gap to tolerances listed in Speci fi cations. 5. After installing new compression (top and middle) rings on piston, check piston-to-ring side clearance. Compare clearance to tolerance listed in Speci fi cations. If side clearance is greater than speci fi ed, a new piston must be used. To install new piston rings, proceed as follows: 1. Oil control ring (bottom groove): Install expander and then rails. Make sure ends of expander are not overlapped. 2. Middle compression ring (center groove): Install center ring using a piston ring installation tool. Make sure identi fi cation mark is up or dye colored stripe (if contained) is to left of end gap. 3. Top compression ring (top groove): Install top ring using a piston ring expender. Make sure identi fi cation mark is up or dye colored stripe (if contained), left of end gap. Connecting Rods Offset, stepped-cap connecting rods are used in all these engines. Inspection and Service Check bearing area (big end) for excessive wear, score marks, running and side clearances (refer to Speci fi cations). Replace rod and cap if scored or excessively worn. Service replacement connecting rods are available in STD crankpin size and 0.25 mm (0.010 in.) undersize. An 0.25 mm (0.010 in.) undersized rod can be identi fi ed by a drilled hole located in lower end of rod shank. Always refer to appropriate parts information to ensure correct replacements are used. Remove Crankshaft Inspection and Service Crankshaft Components and Details A B C D A Self-Tapping Screw B Flat Washer C Plug D Crankshaft
82. 8 mm Governor Lever and Hole Position/RPM Chart for CH18 Engines Governor Shaft Con fi guration Intended Maximum RPM Non-Accelerator Pump Carburetor Accelerator Pump Carburetor High Idle WOT Spring Color Hole No. Spring Color Hole No. Needle Bearing 3744 3600 Orange 2 - - 3120 3000 Clear 1 - - Standard (Parent Material) 3888 3600 Blue 4 Purple 3 3780 3500 Orange 3 Black 3 3672 3400 Clear 4 Red 3 3564 3300 Blue 3 Orange 2 3456 3200 Purple 2 Blue 2 3348 3100 Black 2 Orange 1 3240 3000 Red 2 Black 1 3132 2900 Green 1 Red 1 3024 2800 Blue 1 Clear 1 Governor Lever Hole Position (6 mm) H A G F E D C B A Governor Lever B Governed Idle Hole C Hole 1 D Hole 2 E Hole 3 F Hole 4 G Hole 5 H Hole 6 6 mm Governor Lever and Hole Position/RPM Chart High Idle RPM Gov. Lever Hole No. Governor Spring Color Code 3801-4000 5 Clear 3601-3800 4 Clear 3451-3600 3 Clear 3301-3450 2 Clear 3101-3300 4 Purple 2951-3100 3 Purple 2800-2950 2 Purple 3750* 3 Clear 3150* 3 Purple *5% Regulation (others 10%) Governor Lever Hole Position (8 mm) A E D C B A Governor Lever B Hole 1 C Hole 2 D Hole 3 E Hole 4 Reassembly 82 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
55. Starter System 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com 55 RETRACTABLE STARTERS WARNING Uncoiling Spring can cause severe injury. Wear safety goggles or face protection when servicing retractable starter. Retractable starters contain a powerful, recoil spring that is under tension. Always wear safety goggles when servicing retractable starters and carefully follow instructions in Retractable Starter for relieving spring tension. Retractable Starter Components A Hex Flange Screws B Starter Housing C Handle with Rope Retainer D Rope E Spring and Keeper F Pulley G Pawl Springs H Pawls I Brake Washer J Brake Spring K Pawl Retainer L Plain Washer M Center Screw N Drive Cup Remove Starter 1. Remove screws securing starter to blower housing. 2. Remove starter assembly. Rope Replacement NOTE: Do not allow pulley/spring to unwind. Enlist aid of a helper if necessary. Rope can be replaced without complete starter disassembly. 1. Remove starter assembly from engine. 2. Pull rope out approximately 12 in. and tie a temporary (slip) knot in it to keep it from retracting into starter. 3. Pull knot end out of handle, untie knot, and slide handle off. 4. Hold pulley fi rmly and untie slipknot. Allow pulley to rotate slowly as spring tension is released. 5. When all spring tension on starter pulley is released, remove rope from pulley. 6. Tie a double left-hand knot in one end of new rope. 7. Rotate pulley counterclockwise (when viewed from pawl side of pulley) until spring is tight (approximately 6 full turns of pulley). 8. Continue rotating pulley counterclockwise until rope hole in pulley is aligned with rope guide bushing of starter housing. 9. Insert unknotted end of new rope through rope hole in starter pulley and rope guide bushing of housing. 10. Tie a slipknot approximately 12 in. from free end of rope. Hold pulley fi rmly and allow it to rotate slowly until slipknot reaches guide bushing of housing. 11. Insert starter rope through starter handle and tie a double, left-hand knot at end of starter rope. Insert knot into hole in handle. 12. Untie slip knot and pull on starter handle until starter rope is fully extended. Slowly retract starter rope into starter assembly. If recoil spring is properly tensioned, starter rope will retract fully and starter handle will stop against starter housing. B A C E D F G G H H I K J L M N
77. 1. Check to make sure there are no nicks or burrs on sealing surfaces of cylinder head or crankcase. 2. Install a new cylinder head gasket, (with printing up). 3. Install cylinder head and start four new screws. 4. Torque screws in two stages; fi rst to 22.6 N·m (200 in. lb.), fi nally to 41.8 N·m (370 in. lb.), following sequence shown. Heads secured with mounting studs, nuts, and washers: 1. Check to make sure there are no nicks or burrs on sealing surfaces of cylinder head or crankcase. 2. If all studs were left intact, go to Step 5. If any studs were disturbed or removed, install new studs as described in Step 3. Do not use/reinstall any loosened or removed studs. 3. Install new mounting stud(s) into crankcase. a. Thread and lock two mounting nuts together on smaller diameter threads. b. Thread opposite end of stud with preapplied locking compound into crankcase until speci fi ed height from crankcase surface is achieved. When threading in studs, use a steady tightening motion without interruption until proper height is obtained. Otherwise, frictional heat from engaging threads may cause locking compound to set up prematurely. Studs closest to lifters must have an exposed height of 75 mm (2 15/16 in.). Studs furthest from lifters must have an exposed height of 69 mm (2 3/4 in.). c. Remove nuts and repeat procedure as required. 4. Install cylinder head. Match numbers on cylinder heads and crankcase. Make sure head is fl at on gasket and dowel pins. 5. Lightly lubricate exposed (upper) threads of studs with engine oil. Install a fl at washer and nut onto each mounting stud. Torque nuts in two stages; fi rst to 16.9 N·m (150 in. lb.), fi nally to 33.9 N·m (300 in. lb.), following sequence shown. Install Push Rods and Rocker Arms NOTE: Push rods should always be installed in same position as before disassembly. Early models used hollow push rods with special rocker arms. They are not interchangeable with later/current style solid push rods and associated rocker arms. Do not mix these. A replacement kit is available with solid components. 1. Note mark or tag identifying push rod as either intake or exhaust and cylinder 1 or 2. Dip ends of push rods in engine oil and install, making sure each push rod ball seats in its hydraulic lifter socket. 2. Apply grease to contact surfaces of rocker arms and rocker arm pivots. Install rocker arms and rocker arm pivots on one cylinder head, and start two screws. 3. Torque screws to 11.3 N·m (100 in. lb.). Repeat for other rocker arm. 4. Use a spanner wrench or rocker arm lifting tool to lift rocker arms and position push rods underneath. Install Hydraulic Lifters NOTE: Hydraulic lifters should always be installed in same position as before disassembly. Exhaust lifters are located on output shaft side of engine while intake lifters are located on fan side of engine. Cylinder numbers are embossed on top of crankcase and each cylinder head. 1. Refer to Disassembly/Inspection and Service for lifter preparation (bleed down) procedures. 2. Apply camshaft lubricant to bottom surface of each lifter. Lubricate hydraulic lifters and lifter bores in crankcase with engine oil. 3. Note mark or tag identifying hydraulic lifters as either intake or exhaust and cylinder 1 or cylinder 2. Install hydraulic lifters into their appropriate location in crankcase. Do not use a magnet. Valve Stem Seals These engines use valve stem seals on intake valves and occasionally on exhaust valves. Always use a new seal whenever valve is removed or if seal is deteriorated or damaged in any way. Never reuse an old seal. Assemble Cylinder Heads Prior to installation, lubricate all components with engine oil, paying particular attention to lip of valve stem seal, valve stems and valve guides. Install in order listed below using a valve spring compressor. ● Intake and exhaust valves. ● Valve spring caps. ● Valve springs. ● Valve spring retainers. ● Valve spring keepers. Install Cylinder Heads Cylinder Head Torque Sequence 1 1 2 1 4 4 2 2 3 3 NOTE: Cylinder heads must be attached with original type of mounting hardware, using either screws, or mounting studs with nuts and washers. Heads are machined differently for studs than for screws, so fastening method cannot be altered unless heads are being replaced. Do not intermix components. Heads secured with screws: NOTE: Match numbers embossed on cylinder heads and crankcase. NOTE: When installing cylinder heads, new screws should always be used. Reassembly 77 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
68. 68 Disassembly/Inspection and Service KohlerEngines.com 24 690 06 Rev. C Oil Pump Assembly Oil pump is mounted inside of closure plate. If service is required, refer to Disassembly, Inspection, and Reassembly procedures. Disassembly 1. Remove screws. 2. Remove oil pump assembly from closure plate. 3. Remove oil pump rotor. 4. Remove oil pickup by unhooking locking clip, and pulling it free from oil pump body. 5. If relief valve is similar to shown, drive out pin to remove oil pressure relief valve piston and spring. Refer to following inspection and reassembly procedures. If relief valve is a one-piece style, staked to oil pump housing removal should not be attempted, nor is internal servicing possible. If a problem with relief valve is encountered, oil pump should be replaced. Inspection Inspect oil pump housing, gear, and rotors for nicks, burrs, wear, or any visible damage. If any parts are worn or damaged, replace oil pump. Inspect oil pressure relief valve piston. It should be free of nicks or burrs. Check spring for wear or distortion. Free length of spring should be approximately 47.4 mm (1.8 in.). Replace spring if it is distorted or worn. Reassembly 1. Install pressure relief valve piston and spring. 2. Install oil pickup to oil pump body. Lubricate O-ring with oil and make sure it remains in groove as pickup is being installed. 3. Install rotor. 4. Install oil pump body to closure plate and secure with screws. Torque screws as follows: a. Install fastener into screw location 1 and lightly tighten to position pump. b. Install fastener into screw location 2 and fully torque to recommended value. c. Torque fastener in screw location 1 to recommended value. First Time Installation: 10.7 N·m (95 in. lb.) All Reinstallations: 6.7 N·m (60 in. lb.) 5. After torquing, rotate gear and check for freedom of movement. Make sure there is no binding. If binding occurs, loosen screws, reposition pump, retorque screws and recheck movement. Remove Camshaft Remove camshaft and shim. Inspection and Service Check lobes of camshaft for wear or damage. See Speci fi cations for minimum lift tolerance. Inspect cam gear for badly worn, chipped or missing teeth. Replacement of camshaft will be necessary if any of these conditions exist. Remove Connecting Rods with Pistons and Rings NOTE: If a carbon ridge is present at top of either cylinder bore, use a ridge reamer tool to remove ridge before attempting to remove piston. NOTE: Cylinders are numbered on crankcase. Use numbers to mark each end cap, connecting rod and piston for reassembly. Do not mix end caps and connecting rods. 1. Remove screws securing closest connecting rod end cap. Remove end cap. 2. Carefully remove connecting rod and piston assembly from cylinder bore. 3. Repeat above procedures for other connecting rod and piston assembly. Piston and Rings Piston and Rings Components and Details A B C D E F J G I H A Piston Ring B End Gap C Identi fi cation Mark D Piston E Top Compression Ring F Center Compression Ring G Rails H Expander I Oil Control Ring (3 Piece) J Dye Colored Stripe
3. Maintenance 3 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS WARNING Before working on engine or equipment, disable engine as follows: 1) Disconnect spark plug lead(s). 2) Disconnect negative (–) battery cable from battery. Accidental Starts can cause severe injury or death. Disconnect and ground spark plug lead(s) before servicing. Normal maintenance, replacement or repair of emission control devices and systems may be performed by any repair establishment or individual; however, warranty repairs must be performed by a Kohler authorized dealer. MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE Weekly ● Check heavy-duty air cleaner element. Air Cleaner/Intake Every 25 Hours or Annually¹ ● Service/replace low-pro fi le precleaner. Air Cleaner/Intake Every 100 Hours or Annually¹ ● Replace low-pro fi le air cleaner element. Air Cleaner/Intake ● Change oil. Lubrication System/Clutch ● Remove cooling shrouds and clean cooling areas. Air Cleaner/Intake ● Check oil cooler fi ns, clean as necessary (if equipped). Lubrication System Every 200 Hours ● Change oil fi lter. Lubrication System ● Replace fuel fi lter. Every 250 Hours¹ ● Replace heavy-duty air cleaner element and check inner element. Air Cleaner/Intake Every 500 Hours¹ ● Replace heavy-duty inner air cleaner element. Air Cleaner/Intake ● Replace spark plugs and set gap. Electrical System Every 500 Hours 2 ● Have crankshaft spline lubricated. 1 Perform these procedures more frequently under severe, dusty, dirty conditions. 2 Have a Kohler authorized dealer perform this service. REPAIRS/SERVICE PARTS Kohler genuine service parts can be purchased from Kohler authorized dealers. To fi nd a local Kohler authorized dealer visit KohlerEngines.com or call 1-800-544-2444 (U.S. and Canada).
45. 45 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Electrical System 15/20/25 Amp Regulated Charging System Stator Stator is mounted on crankcase behind fl ywheel. Follow procedures in Disassembly and Reassembly if stator replacement is necessary. Recti fi er-Regulator NOTE: When installing recti fi er-regulator, take note of terminal markings and install plug(s) accordingly. NOTE: Disconnect all electrical connections attached to recti fi er-regulator. Testing may be performed with recti fi er- regulator mounted or loose. Repeat applicable test procedure 2 or 3 times to determine condition of part. Recti fi er-regulator is mounted on blower housing. To replace it, disconnect plug(s), remove two mounting screws, and ground wire or metal grounding strap. Testing of recti fi er-regulator may be performed as follows, using appropriate Recti fi er-Regulator Tester. To test 4/15 amp recti fi er-regulators: 1. Connect tester ground lead (with spring clamp) to body of recti fi er-regulator being tested. 2. Connect tester red lead to B+ terminal of recti fi er- regulator and 2 black tester leads to 2 AC terminals. 3. Plug tester into proper AC outlet/power for tester being used. Turn on power switch. POWER light should be illuminated and 1 of 4 status lights may be on as well. This does not represent condition of part. 4. 4 amp: Press TEST button until a click is heard and then release. Momentarily either HIGH, LOW, or SHORT light will fl ash. 15 amp: Press TEST button until a click is heard and then release. Momentarily 1 of 4 status lights will illuminate, indicating condition of part. To test 20/25 amp recti fi er-regulators: 1. 20 amp: Connect single lead adapter in between B+ (center) terminal of recti fi er-regulator being tested and squared single end of tandem adapter lead. 25 amp: Connect squared single end of tandem lead adapter to B+ (center/red) lead of recti fi er-regulator being tested. 2. Connect tester ground lead (with spring clamp) to body of recti fi er-regulator. 3. Connect red lead and 1 of black leads to pair of terminals on open end of tandem adapter lead (connections are not location speci fi c). 4. Connect remaining black lead from tester to 1 of outer AC terminals on recti fi er-regulator. 5. Plug tester into proper AC outlet/power for tester being used. Turn on power switch. POWER light should be illuminated and 1 of 4 status lights may be on as well. This does not represent condition of part. 6. Press TEST button until a click is heard and then release. Momentarily 1 of 4 status lights will illuminate indicating partial condition of part. Condition Conclusion 4 amp 15 Amp 20 amp 25 amp OK (green) or HIGH light comes on and stays steady. Part is good and may be used. Disconnect tester black lead attached to 1 AC terminal and reconnect it to other AC terminal. Repeat test. If OK (green) light comes on again, part is good and may be used. NOTE: A fl ashing LOW light can also occur as a result of an inadequate ground lead connection. Make certain connection location is clean and clamp is secure. Other lights come on. Recti fi er-regulator is faulty and should not be used.
15. Tools and Aids 15 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com TOOLS Description Source/Part No. Hydraulic Valve Lifter Tool For removing and installing hydraulic lifters. Kohler 25 761 38-S Ignition System Tester For testing output on all systems, including CD. Kohler 25 455 01-S Inductive Tachometer (Digital) For checking operating speed (RPM) of an engine. Design Technology Inc. DTI-110 Offset Wrench (K and M Series) For removing and reinstalling cylinder barrel retaining nuts. Kohler 52 455 04-S Oil Pressure Test Kit For testing/verifying oil pressure on pressure lubricated engines. Kohler 25 761 06-S Radiator Tester For pressure testing radiator and cap on Aegis liquid-cooled engines. Kohler 25 455 10-S Recti fi er-Regulator Tester (120 volt current) Recti fi er-Regulator Tester (240 volt current) For testing recti fi er-regulators. Components of 25 761 20-S and 25 761 41-S CS-PRO Regulator Test Harness Special Regulator Test Harness with Diode Kohler 25 761 20-S Kohler 25 761 41-S Design Technology Inc. DTI-031 DTI-033 Spark Advance Module (SAM) Tester For testing SAM (ASAM and DSAM) on engines with SMART-SPARK ™ . Kohler 25 761 40-S Starter Servicing Kit (All Starters) For removing and reinstalling drive retaining rings and brushes. Individual component available: Starter Brush Holding Tool (Solenoid Shift) SE Tools KLR-82411 SE Tools KLR-82416 Triad/OHC Timing Tool Set For holding cam gears and crankshaft in timed position while installing timing belt. Kohler 28 761 01-S Valve Guide Reamer (K and M Series) For properly sizing valve guides after installation. Design Technology Inc. DTI-K828 Valve Guide Reamer O.S. (Command Series) For reaming worn valve guides to accept replacement oversize valves. Can be used in low-speed drill press or with handle below for hand reaming. Kohler 25 455 12-S Reamer Handle For hand reaming using Kohler 25 455 12-S reamer. Design Technology Inc. DTI-K830 Valve Guide Service Kit (Courage, Aegis, Command, OHC) For servicing worn valve guides. SE Tools KLR-82415 AIDS Description Source/Part No. Camshaft Lubricant (Valspar ZZ613) Kohler 25 357 14-S Dielectric Grease (GE/Novaguard G661) Kohler 25 357 11-S Dielectric Grease Loctite ® 51360 Kohler Electric Starter Drive Lubricant (Inertia Drive) Kohler 52 357 01-S Kohler Electric Starter Drive Lubricant (Solenoid Shift) Kohler 52 357 02-S RTV Silicone Sealant Loctite ® 5900 ® Heavy Body in 4 oz. aerosol dispenser. Only oxime-based, oil resistant RTV sealants, such as those listed, are approved for use. Loctite ® Nos. 5900 ® or 5910 ® are recommended for best sealing characteristics. Kohler 25 597 07-S Loctite ® 5910 ® Loctite ® Ultra Black 598™ Loctite ® Ultra Blue 587™ Loctite ® Ultra Copper 5920™ Spline Drive Lubricant Kohler 25 357 12-S
26. Carburetor Circuits Float Fuel level in bowl is maintained by fl oat and fuel inlet needle. Buoyant force of fl oat stops fuel fl ow when engine is at rest. When fuel is being consumed, fl oat will drop and fuel pressure will push inlet needle away from seat, allowing more fuel to enter bowl. When demand ceases, buoyant force of fl oat will again overcome fuel pressure, rising to predetermined setting and stop fl ow. Slow and Mid-Range At low speeds engine operates only on slow circuit. As a metered amount of air is drawn through slow air bleed jets, fuel is drawn through main jet and further metered through slow jet. Air and fuel are mixed in body of slow jet and exit to idle progression (transfer port) chamber. From idle progression chamber, air fuel mixture is metered through idle port passage. At low idle air/fuel mixture is controlled by setting of idle fuel adjusting screws. This mixture is then mixed with main body of air and delivered to engine. As throttle plate opening increases, greater amounts of air/fuel mixture are drawn in through fi xed and metered idle progression holes. As throttle plate opens further, vacuum signal becomes great enough at venturi so main circuit begins to work. Main (high-speed) At high speeds/loads engine operates on main circuit. As a metered amount of air is drawn through air jet, fuel is drawn through main jet. Air and fuel are mixed in main nozzles then enters main body of air fl ow where further mixing of fuel and air occurs. This mixture is then delivered to combustion chamber. Carburetor has a fi xed main circuit; no adjustment is possible. Carburetor Adjustments NOTE: Carburetor adjustments should be made only after engine has warmed up. Carburetor is designed to deliver correct fuel-to-air mixture to engine under all operating conditions. Main fuel jet is calibrated at factory and is not adjustable. Idle fuel adjusting needles are also set at factory and normally do not need adjustment. Low Idle Speed (RPM) Adjustment NOTE: Actual low idle speed depends on application. Refer to equipment manufacturer’s recommendations. Low idle speed for basic engines is 1200 RPM. Place throttle control into idle or slow position. Turn low idle speed adjusting screw in or out to obtain allow idle speed of 1200 RPM (± 75 RPM). Governed Idle Speed Adjustment (If equipped) 1. Hold governor lever away from carburetor so throttle lever is against idle speed (RPM) adjustment screw of carburetor. Start engine and allow to warm up, then adjust screw to set approximately 1200 RPM. Check speed using a tachometer. Turn adjustment screw (inner) clockwise (in) to increase or counterclockwise (out) to decrease speed. 2. Release governor lever and check that throttle lever is in idle position. Turn governed idle adjustment screw to obtain equipment manufacturer’s recommended idle speed (1500-1800 RPM). Some engines have a bendable tab that is used to set this speed. A pliers should be used to bend this tab to achieve recommended speed. Governed idle speed (RPM) is typically 300 RPM (approximate) higher than low idle speed. 3. Move throttle lever to wide-open/full throttle position and hold in this position. Turn high speed screw to obtain intended high speed no-load RPM. Governed idle speed must be set before making this adjustment. Low Idle Fuel Adjustment Optimum Low Idle Fuel Setting B B C C E D A A A Rich B Lean C Midpoint D Left Side E Right Side NOTE: Engines will have fi xed low idle or limiter caps on idle fuel adjusting needles. Step 2 can only be performed within limits allowed by cap. Do not attempt to remove limiter caps. 1. Place throttle control into idle or slow position. Adjust low idle speed to 1200 RPM. Follow Low Idle Speed (RPM) Adjustment. 2. Low idle fuel needle(s) setting: place throttle into idle or slow position. a. Turn 1 low idle fuel adjusting needle out (counterclockwise) from preliminary setting until engine speed decreases (rich). Note position of needle. Now turn adjusting needle in (clockwise). Engine speed may increase, then it will decrease as needle is turned in (lean). Note position of needle. Set adjusting needle midway between rich and lean settings. b. Repeat procedure on other low idle adjustment needle (two-barrel carburetor only). 3. Recheck/adjust Low Idle Speed (RPM) to speci fi ed setting. High Speed (RPM) Adjustment 1. With engine running, move throttle control to fast. 2. Turn inner adjustment screw outward to decrease, or inward to increase RPM speed. Courage singles require loosening screws on speed control bracket and sliding towards carburetor to lower and away from carburetor to increase speed. Fuel System 26 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
28. Governor System 28 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com GOVERNOR Engine is equipped with a centrifugal fl yweight mechanical governor. It is designed to hold engine speed constant under changing load conditions. Governor gear/ fl yweight mechanism is mounted inside crankcase on closure plate, and is driven off gear on camshaft. Governor Components I K J H Inside Engine A B C D E F G A Throttle Lever B Throttle Linkage C Governor Lever D Choke Linkage E Governor Spring F Governed Idle Spring G Control Bracket H Regulating Pin I Governor Gear J Locking Tab Thrust Washer K Governor Gear Shaft This governor design works as follows: ● Centrifugal force acting on rotating governor gear assembly causes fl yweights to move outward as speed increases. Governor spring tension moves them inward as speed decreases. ● As fl yweights move outward, they cause regulating pin to move outward. ● Regulating pin contacts tab on cross shaft causing shaft to rotate. One end of cross shaft protrudes through crankcase. Rotating action of cross shaft is transmitted to throttle lever of carburetor through external linkage. ● When engine is at rest, and throttle is in FAST position, tension of governor spring holds throttle plate open. When engine is operating, governor gear assembly is rotating. Force applied by regulating pin against cross shaft tends to close throttle plate. Governor spring tension and force applied by regulating pin balance each other during operation, to maintain engine speed. ● When load is applied and engine speed and governor gear speed decreases, governor spring tension moves governor lever to open throttle plate wider. This allows more fuel into engine, increasing engine speed. As speed reaches governed setting, governor spring tension and force applied by regulating pin will again offset each other to hold a steady engine speed. Governor Adjustments NOTE: Do not tamper with governor setting. Overspeed is hazardous and could cause personal injury. Initial Adjustment Procedure Make this adjustment whenever governor arm is loosened or removed from cross shaft. Adjust as follows: 1. Make sure throttle linkage is connected to governor arm and throttle lever on carburetor. 2. Loosen nut holding governor lever to cross shaft. 3. Move governor lever toward carburetor as far as it will go (wide open throttle) and hold in this position. 4. Insert a long thin rod or tool into hole on cross shaft and rotate shaft clockwise (viewed from end) as far as it will turn, then torque nut to 7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.).
72. Crankcase Components A Oil Seal B Closure Plate C Gerotor Gear D Dipstick Tube E Oil Pick-Up Tube F Oil Pump Assembly G Governor Gear Shaft H Governor Gear I Camshaft J Piston Pin K Piston Ring Set L Piston Pin Retainer M Piston N Connecting Rod O Connecting Rod End Cap P Crankshaft Q Crankcase R Governor Cross Shaft NOTE: Make sure engine is assembled using all speci fi ed torque values, tightening sequences and clearances. Failure to observe speci fi cations could cause severe engine wear or damage. Always use new gaskets. Apply a small amount of oil to threads of critical fasteners before assembly, unless a sealant or Loctite ® is speci fi ed or preapplied. Make sure all traces of any cleaner are removed before engine is assembled and placed into operation. Even small amounts of these cleaners can quickly break down lubricating properties of engine oil. Check closure plate, crankcase, cylinder heads, and valve covers to be certain all old sealing material has been removed. Use gasket remover, lacquer thinner, or paint remover to remove any remaining traces. Clean surfaces with isopropyl alcohol, acetone, lacquer thinner, or electrical contact cleaner. Install Flywheel End Oil Seal 1. Make sure seal bore of crankcase is clean and free of any nicks or burrs. 2. Apply a light coat of clean engine oil to outside diameter of oil seal. A Q P H F E B A C D G I L J O N M R K 3. Drive oil seal into crankcase using a seal driver. Make sure oil seal is installed straight and true in bore and tool bottoms against crankcase. Install Governor Cross Shaft 1. Lubricate governor cross shaft bearing surfaces in crankcase with engine oil. 2. Slide small lower washer onto governor cross shaft and install cross shaft from inside of crankcase. 3. 6 mm governor shaft: Install plain washer and then insert hitch pin into smaller, lower hole of governor cross shaft. 8 mm governor shaft: Install nylon washer onto governor cross shaft, then start push-on retaining ring. Hold cross shaft up in position, place a 0.50 mm (0.020 in.) feeler gauge on top of nylon washer, and push retaining ring down shaft to secure. Remove feeler gauge, which will have established proper end play. Reassembly 72 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
75. Install Closure Plate Assembly Sealant Pattern and Torque Sequence 1 10 8 6 4 2 9 7 5 3 RTV sealant is used as a gasket between closure plate and crankcase. Always use fresh sealant. Using outdated sealant can result in leakage. 1. Be sure sealing surfaces have been cleaned and prepared. 2. Check to make sure there are no nicks or burrs on sealing surfaces of closure plate or crankcase. 3. Apply a 1.5 mm (1/16 in.) bead of sealant to sealing surface of closure plate. 4. Make sure end of governor cross shaft is lying against bottom of cylinder 1 inside crankcase. 5. Install closure plate to crankcase. Carefully seat camshaft and crankshaft into their mating bearings. Rotate crankshaft slightly to help engage oil pump and governor gear meshes. 6. Install screws securing closure plate to crankcase. Torque fasteners to 24.4 N·m (216 in. lb.) following sequence. On some engines one mounting screw is plated. Plated screw is typically installed in hole location 6. Flywheel/Ignition Components F G E C K L O M N H P B I D J A A Debris Screen B Fan C Flywheel Screw D Washer E Flywheel F Magnet G Stator H Ignition Module I Backing Plate J Woodruff Key K Spring Washer L Spacer M Ring Support N Metal Debris Screen O Washer P Metal Debris Screen Assembly Install Stator and Backing Plates 1. Apply pipe sealant with Te fl on ® (Loctite ® 592™ Thread Sealant or equivalent) to stator mounting holes. 2. Position stator aligning mounting holes so leads are at bottom, towards crankcase. 3. Install and torque screws to 6.2 N·m (55 in. lb.). 4. Route stator leads in crankcase channel, then install backing plates and stator wire bracket (if used). Secure using screws. Torque screws to 7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.). Install Flywheel CAUTION Damaging Crankshaft and Flywheel can cause personal injury. Using improper procedures can lead to broken fragments. Broken fragments could be thrown from engine. Always observe and use precautions and procedures when installing fl ywheel. Reassembly 75 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
66. 66 Disassembly/Inspection and Service KohlerEngines.com 24 690 06 Rev. C Remove Stator and Backing Plates 1. Remove screws securing backing plates and stator wire bracket (if equipped). Remove backing plates and stator wire bracket. 2. Remove screws and stator. Crankcase Components A Q P H F E B A C D G I L J O N M R K A Oil Seal B Closure Plate C Gerotor Gear D Dipstick Tube E Oil Pick-Up Tube F Oil Pump Assembly G Governor Gear Shaft H Governor Gear I Camshaft J Piston Pin K Piston Ring Set L Piston Pin Retainer M Piston N Connecting Rod O Connecting Rod End Cap P Crankshaft Q Crankcase R Governor Cross Shaft Remove Closure Plate Assembly 1. Remove screws securing closure plate to crankcase. 2. Locate splitting tabs cast into perimeter of closure plate. Insert drive end of a 1/2" breaker bar between top splitting tab and crankcase. Hold handle horizontal and pull toward you to break RTV seal. If necessary, pry at bottom tabs also. Do not pry on sealing surfaces as this could cause leaks. Carefully pull closure plate from crankcase. Inspection Inspect oil seal in closure plate and remove it if it is worn or damaged. Refer to Install Closure Plate Oil Seal in Reassembly for new oil seal installation. Inspect main bearing surface for wear or damage. Refer to speci fi cations. Replace closure plate assembly if required.
57. Clutch 57 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com WET DISC TYPE CLUTCH (if equipped) Wet Disc Type Clutch Components I J M W P N L H G A E F O S R T U V K D C B Q A Shifting Lever B Gasket C Seal D Shaft (Yoke) E Nameplate F Clutch Housing G Adjusting Ring H Driven Member I Release Sleeve J Bearing Release Assembly K Pressure Plate L Pilot Bearing M Adjusting Lock N Clutch Assembly O Key P Power Shaft Q Retaining Rings R Yoke S Roll Pin T Oil Seal U Ball Bearing V Snap Ring W Clutch Assembly
40. Electrical System 40 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Wiring Diagram-3 Amp Unregulated Battery Charging System/70 Watt Lighting K C B L F H A J G O S N D M T I E P S R Q A R S B A Optional Oil Sentry ™ Switch (Shutdown) B 12 V. Battery C Optional Oil Sentry ™ Switch (Indicator Light) D Light E Ground-To-Kill Lead (White) F Ground G Optional Ammeter H Optional Fuse I Key Switch J Red K Blue L Solenoid M Lights N Starter O Yellow P Diode Q 3 Amp/70 Watt Flywheel Stator R Black S Spark Plug(s) T Ignition Modules Electronic Ignition Systems Tests NOTE: Ignition tester must be used to test ignition on these engines. Use of any other tester can result in inaccurate fi ndings. Battery on unit must be fully charged and properly connected before performing tests (a battery that is hooked up or charged backward will crank engine but it won’t have spark). Be certain drive is in neutral and all external loads are disconnected. Test Ignition Systems NOTE: If engine starts or runs during testing, you may need to ground kill lead to shut it down. Because you have interrupted kill circuit, it may not stop using switch. Isolate and verify trouble is within engine. 1. Locate connectors where wiring harnesses from engine and equipment are joined. Separate connectors and remove white kill lead from engine connector. Rejoin connectors and position or insulate kill lead terminal so it cannot touch ground. Try to start engine to verify whether reported problem is still present. Condition Possible Cause Conclusion Problem goes away. Electrical System Check key switch, wires, connections, safety interlocks, etc. Problem persists. Ignition or Electrical System Leave kill lead isolated until all testing is completed. Identify white kill lead of engine wiring harness connector. Establish a connection to a known good ground location. Engine should kill completely. If not or only one cylinder is affected, test ignition modules and white kill lead connection for affected DSAI module (DSAI only).
60. 60 Disassembly/Inspection and Service KohlerEngines.com 24 690 06 Rev. C 4. Remove heavy-duty air cleaner as an assembly from engine. Remove Fuel Pump WARNING Explosive Fuel can cause fi res and severe burns. Do not fi ll fuel tank while engine is hot or running. Gasoline is extremely fl ammable and its vapors can explode if ignited. Store gasoline only in approved containers, in well ventilated, unoccupied buildings, away from sparks or fl ames. Spilled fuel could ignite if it comes in contact with hot parts or sparks from ignition. Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent. Pulse Style Pumps 1. Disconnect fuel lines at carburetor and at in-line fuel fi lter. 2. Disconnect pulse (vacuum) line from crankcase, or from valve cover on earlier models. 3. Remove screws securing fuel pump to bracket or to blower housing. Fuel pump body may be metal or plastic. 4. Note or mark orientation of fuel pump, then remove fuel pump with lines attached as shown. Mechanical Fuel Pump A mechanical style fuel pump is part of valve cover assembly. 1. Disconnect fuel lines at pump outlet and at in-line fuel fi lter. 2. Fuel pump will be removed with valve cover. Refer to valve cover removal procedure. Remove Control Panel (if equipped) 1. Disconnect Oil Sentry ™ indicator light wires. 2. Disconnect choke control cable from control bracket. 3. Disconnect throttle control cable or shaft. 4. Remove panel from blower housing. Clean all parts thoroughly as engine is disassembled. Only clean parts can be accurately inspected and gauged for wear or damage. There are many commercially available cleaners that will quickly remove grease, oil, and grime from engine parts. When such a cleaner is used, follow manufacturer’s instructions and safety precautions carefully. Make sure all traces of cleaner are removed before engine is reassembled and placed into operation. Even small amounts of these cleaners can quickly break down lubricating properties of engine oil. Disconnect Spark Plug Leads NOTE: Pull on boot only, to prevent damage to spark plug lead. 1. Disconnect leads from spark plugs. 2. Shut off fuel supply. Drain Oil from Crankcase and Remove Oil Filter 1. Remove oil fi ll cap, dipstick, and 1 oil drain plug. 2. Allow ample time for oil to drain from crankcase and oil fi lter. 3. Remove and discard oil fi lter. 4. An oil cooler is standard equipment on some models and an option on others. It may be a cast aluminum housing, part of oil fi lter adapter, or attached to blower housing, separated from oil fi lter adapter. If so equipped, remove adapter and cooler. Remove Muf fl er Remove exhaust system and attaching hardware from engine. On engines equipped with a port liner, remove it now. Remove Air Cleaner Assembly Low-Pro fi le Air Cleaner 1. Unhook latches or loosen knob and remove cover. 2. Remove wing nut from element cover. 3. Remove element cover, air cleaner element with precleaner and stud seal. 4. Remove screws securing bracket and base. Additional rear screws must be removed if engine contains a rear air cleaner support bracket. 5. Remove bracket then remove base and gasket while carefully pulling rubber breather tube through base. 6. Remove rubber breather tube from breather cover. Heavy-Duty Air Cleaner 1. Disconnect breather hose from fi tting in adapter or elbow. 2. Remove screws (one-barrel carburetor models), or nuts (two-barrel carburetor models), securing adapter or elbow. 3. Remove screws securing main support bracket for air cleaner to valve covers. On two-barrel carburetor models, remove mounting screws into top of intake manifold. Unhook choke return spring if equipped. Do not lose any hardware.
84. Torque Speci fi cations-Covers Gasket/RTV 3.4 N·m (30 in. lb.) Black O-ring w/shoulder screws w/screws and spacers 5.6 N·m (50 in. lb.) 9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.) Yellow or Brown O-ring w/integral spacers 6.2 N·m (55 in. lb.) Install Air Cleaner Assembly Low-Pro fi le Air Cleaner NOTE: Route fuel line in contour to avoid restriction. 1. Attach rubber breather hose to breather cover. Connect fuel inlet line to carburetor and secure with a clamp. 2. Position a new gasket and air cleaner base while carefully pulling loose end of rubber breather hose through base until properly seated (collars sealed against each side of base). 3. Secure air cleaner base and bracket using screws. Position bracket with hole toward breather hose. Be careful not to drop screws into carburetor. If a rear air cleaner bracket is used, install two M5 screws through rear of base. Torque three M6 screws to 6.2-7.3 N·m (55-65 in. lb.) and two rear M5 mounting screws (when applicable) to 4.0 N·m (35 in. lb.). 4. Install breather hose in hole of bracket. 5. Install air cleaner components, refer to Air Cleaner/ Intake. Heavy-Duty Air Cleaner 1. Connect breather hose to breather cover and fi tting on adapter elbow. Route fuel line adjacent to fuel solenoid, and secure to carburetor inlet with a clamp. 2. Align air cleaner mounting bracket with valve cover mounting holes and start screws. On two-barrel carburetor models start two mounting screws into top of intake manifold. 3. Check alignment of bracket and torque valve cover screws as prescribed in Install Valve Covers. Torque upper mounting screws into manifold (two-barrel models only) to 9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.). 4. Connect air cleaner hose to elbow or adapter on carburetor and secure with a clamp. Install and tighten hood onto air cleaner inlet. Install Muf fl er 1. Install port liners (if equipped). Install muf fl er and attaching hardware to muf fl er bracket. Torque screws to 9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.). 2. Install nuts to exhaust studs. Torque nuts to 24.4 N·m (216 in. lb.). Install Oil Cooler (if equipped) Oil cooler can now be installed to engine. Two different styles are used. 1. Depending on style used, reverse removal procedure from Disassembly. 2. Secure cooler or adapter to oil pan with oil fi lter nipple. Torque oil fi lter nipple to 27 N·m (20 ft. lb.). Install Oil Filter and Fill Crankcase with Oil NOTE: Make sure both oil drain plugs are installed and torqued to speci fi cations to prevent oil leakage. 1. Install oil drain plug(s). Torque plug(s) to 13.6 N·m (10 ft. lb.). If oil drain valve is used, make sure valve body is closed and cap is on. 2. Place new fi lter in shallow pan with open end up. Fill with new oil until oil reaches bottom of threads. Allow 2 minutes for oil to be absorbed by fi lter material. 3. Apply a thin fi lm of clean oil to rubber gasket on oil fi lter. 4. Refer to instructions on oil fi lter for proper installation. 5. Fill crankcase with new oil. Level should be at top of indicator on dipstick. 6. Reinstall oil fi ll cap/dipstick and tighten securely. Connect Spark Plug Leads Connect leads to spark plugs. Prepare Engine for Operation Engine is now completely reassembled. Before starting or operating engine, be sure to follow these steps. 1. Make sure all hardware is tightened securely. 2. Make sure oil drain plugs, Oil Sentry ™ pressure switch, and a new oil fi lter are installed. 3. Adjust carburetor, idle fuel needle, or idle speed adjusting screw as necessary. Testing Engine It is recommended engine be operated on a test stand or bench prior to installation in piece of equipment. 1. Set engine up on a test stand. Install an oil pressure gauge. Start engine and check to be certain oil pressure (20 psi or more) is present. Run engine at idle for 2-3 minutes, then 5-6 minutes more between idle and midrange. Adjust carburetor mixture settings as necessary (as available). 2. Adjust idle speed screw and high-speed stop as necessary. Make sure maximum engine speed does not exceed 3750 RPM (no load). Reassembly 84 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
61. 61 Disassembly/Inspection and Service 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com 2. One-barrel carburetor models only: Remove carburetor mounting screws. Two-barrel carburetor models only: If required use nuts locked together and remove carburetor mounting studs on starter side of intake manifold and one stud on oil fi lter side. Pivot carburetor to clear breather cover fi tting and pressure switch (if equipped). Remove carburetor, throttle linkage, choke linkage, and governor lever as an assembly. 3. Remove carburetor, throttle linkage and governor lever as an assembly. 4. Remove carburetor gasket. 5. If necessary, carburetor, throttle linkage and governor lever can be separated. Reattach bushings to linkage following separation to avoid losing them. Remove Oil Sentry ™ (if equipped) 1. Disconnect lead from Oil Sentry ™ switch. 2. Remove Oil Sentry ™ switch from breather cover. Remove Electric Starter Motor 1. Disconnect leads from starter. 2. Remove screws. 3. Remove starter assembly and any spacers (if used). Remove Outer Baf fl es and Blower Housing 1. Disconnect plug from recti fi er-regulator on blower housing. 2. Use tip of dipstick or a similar small fl at tool to bend locking tang, then remove B+ (center lead) from terminal plug as shown. This will allow blower housing to be removed without disturbing wiring harness. 3. Recti fi er-regulator does not have to be detached from blower housing. If engine is equipped with SMART-SPARK ™ SAM module should be removed from cylinder baf fl e or blower housing. Module will hang loose as part of wiring harness. 4. Remove screws securing outer baf fl es. Note location of any lifting strap and position of two short screws (one each side on bottom) for reassembly. 5. Remove outer baf fl es on both sides. 6. On engines equipped with a metal debris screen, remove screen before removing blower housing. Plastic debris screens can be removed after blower housing is removed. 7. Remove lower blower housing screw and washer securing recti fi er-regulator ground lead or grounding strap. 8. Two-barrel carburetor models only: Remove screws securing debris shield to blower housing. Wiring harness is attached to underside of shield. 9. Remove remaining screws and detach blower housing. 10. Disconnect plug from key switch in blower housing if engine is equipped. Remove Throttle and Choke Controls Control Bracket Components E F D C B A A Choke Linkage B Control Bracket C Spring D Governor Lever E Nut F Throttle Linkage 1. Remove screws securing control bracket and rear air cleaner bracket (some models) to cylinder heads. 2. Mark spring hole locations and disconnect spring from governor lever. 3. Remove choke linkage from choke actuator lever and carburetor. Remove External Governor Controls Loosen nut and remove governor lever from cross shaft. Leave lever attached to throttle linkage and lay assembly on top of crankcase. Remove Carburetor WARNING Explosive Fuel can cause fi res and severe burns. Do not fi ll fuel tank while engine is hot or running. Gasoline is extremely fl ammable and its vapors can explode if ignited. Store gasoline only in approved containers, in well ventilated, unoccupied buildings, away from sparks or fl ames. Spilled fuel could ignite if it comes in contact with hot parts or sparks from ignition. Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent. 1. Disconnect fuel shut-off solenoid lead and ground lead, if equipped.
51. Starter System 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com 51 SOLENOID SHIFT ELECTRIC STARTERS Solenoid Shift Starter Components A B U T S R Q P O N M L K J I H G F E D C A Tube B Washer C Armature D Drive E Stop F Retaining Ring G Collar H Drive End Cap I Screw J Plunger K Spring L Lever M Plate N Plug O Solenoid P Frame and Field Q Brush Holder R Nut S Commutator End Plate T Screw U Bolt When power is applied to starter electric solenoid moves drive pinion out onto drive shaft and into mesh with fl ywheel ring gear. When pinion reaches end of drive shaft it rotates fl ywheel and cranks engine. When engine starts and start switch is released, starter solenoid is deactivated, drive lever moves back, and drive pinion moves out of mesh with ring gear into retracted position. Nippondenso Starters Starter Disassembly NOTE: When removing lever and armature be careful not to lose thrust washer. 1. Disconnect lead wire from solenoid. 2. Remove nuts securing solenoid, and remove solenoid from starter assembly. 3. Remove thru bolts. 4. Remove commutator end cap. 5. Remove insulator and brush springs from brush spring holder. 6. Remove armature from frame. 7. Remove drive lever and armature from drive end cap. 8. Stop collar consists of two similar pieces held in place by being snapped over a retainer. Retainer is held in place by a groove in armature shaft. To remove stop collar two pieces must be pried off retainer. 9. When stop collars are removed retainer can be removed from armature shaft. Do not reuse retainer. Brush Replacement Brushes in starter are part of starter frame. Brush kit contains four replacement brushes and springs. If replacement is necessary, all four brushes should be replaced. 1. Remove brushes from brush holder, and remove brush holder from frame. 2. Cut brush lead wire at edge of post with a pair of nippers. 3. File off any burrs on post. 4. Replacement brushes have a solid portion which should be crimped on post. 5. Solder crimped portion to post. 6. Replace brush holder in frame and place brushes in brush holder. Reinstall springs. Starter Reassembly NOTE: Always use a new retainer. Tighten retainer in groove to secure. 1. Insert rear stop collar on armature shaft. 2. Place retainer in groove on armature shaft. 3. Fit front stop collar over shaft and bring front and rear stop collars together over retainer. Using two pairs of pliers apply even force to two collars until they snap over retainer and nest into one another. 4. Reassemble remaining components of starter in reverse order from disassembly. Delco-Remy Starters Starter Disassembly NOTE: Do not reuse old retainer. NOTE: Do not soak armature or use solvent when cleaning. Wipe clean using a soft cloth, or use compressed air. 1. Remove hex nut and disconnect positive (+) brush lead/bracket from solenoid terminal.
24. Keihin One-Barrel Carburetor Components N K M L J I P H G E F D B C A R W O V U T S S Q A Carburetor Upper Body (Choke) B Self-relieving Choke C Body Gasket (Formed Rubber) D Slow Speed Jet E Inlet Needle Valve F Clip G Float Pin H Float Assembly I Carburetor Lower Body (Throttle) J Main Jet K Idle Fuel Adjusting Needle L Solenoid Seat M Fuel Shut-off Solenoid N Idle Speed Adjusting Screw O Jet (Accelerator Pump Carburetor only) P Accelerator Pump Cover Q Diaphragm R Diaphragm Spring S O-Ring T Rubber Boot U Bushing V Return Spring W Accelerator Pump Engines in this series are equipped with Keihin fi xed main jet carburetors. CH18-740 engines use a one- barrel carburetor. Most applications use a fuel shut-off solenoid installed in place of fuel bowl retaining screw, and also contain an accelerator pump. All carburetors feature a self-relieving choke. CH750 engines use a Keihin two-barrel carburetor on a matching intake manifold. Troubleshooting Checklist When engine starts hard, runs roughly or stalls at low idle speed, check following areas before adjusting or disassembling carburetor. 1. Make sure fuel tank is fi lled with clean, fresh gasoline. 2. Make sure fuel tank cap vent is not blocked and that it is operating properly. 3. Make sure fuel is reaching carburetor. This includes checking fuel shut-off valve, fuel tank fi lter screen, in-line fuel fi lter, fuel lines and fuel pump for restrictions or faulty components as necessary. 4. Make sure air cleaner base and carburetor are securely fastened to engine using gaskets in good condition. 5. Make sure air cleaner element (including precleaner if equipped) is clean and all air cleaner components are fastened securely. 6. Make sure ignition system, governor system, exhaust system, and throttle and choke controls are operating properly. Fuel System 24 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
62. 62 Disassembly/Inspection and Service KohlerEngines.com 24 690 06 Rev. C Remove Inner Baf fl es and Breather Cover Inner (valley) baf fl es are attached at one corner using same fasteners as breather cover. 1. Remove screws securing inner baf fl es. 2. Remove both inner baf fl es. 3. Remove two remaining screws holding breather cover to crankcase. 4. Pry under protruding edge of breather cover with a screwdriver to break RTV or gasket seal. Do not pry on sealing surfaces as it could cause damage resulting in leaks. Most engines use a formed gasket rather than RTV sealant. 5. Remove breather cover and gasket (if used). 6. Remove breather fi lter from chamber. 7. Remove screw, breather reed retainer and breather reed. Cylinder Head Components B C D E G K F H I J L M N O P A A Valve B Stud C Gasket D Spark Plug E Cap F Valve Stem Seal G Hydraulic Lifter H Retainer I Valve Spring J Valve Spring Retainer K Push Rod L Valve Keeper M Rocker Arm N Rocker Arm Pivot O Valve Cover O-ring P Valve Cover Remove Intake Manifold 1. Remove screws securing intake manifold to cylinder heads. Note which screws hold wiring clamps. 2. Remove intake manifold and intake manifold gaskets (aluminum intake manifolds) or O-rings (plastic intake manifolds). 3. Leave wiring harness attached to manifold. Remove Valve Covers Three valve cover designs have been used. Earliest type used a gasket and RTV sealant between cover and sealing surface of cylinder head. Second type had a black O-ring installed in a groove on underside of cover and may have metal spacers in bolt holes. Latest design uses a brown O-ring, and bolt holes spacers are molded in place. 1. Remove screws securing each valve cover. Note position of any attached brackets or lifting straps. 2. Remove valve covers, valve cover gaskets or O-rings and any brackets or lifting straps. Note which side of engine has oil fi ll and or fuel pump valve cover. Remove Spark Plugs Remove spark plug from each cylinder head. Remove Cylinder Heads and Hydraulic Lifters NOTE: Cylinder heads are retained using either screws or nuts and washers on studs. Do not interchange or mix components, as cylinder heads may have different machining, unique to each fastening method. NOTE: Exhaust lifters are located on output shaft side of engine while intake lifters are located on fan side of engine. Cylinder head number is embossed on outside of each cylinder head.
79. External Engine Components U V V A P N O B C B D G I H J F E K D M Q B L S T T S R R X W A Intake Manifold B Gasket C Carburetor D Outer Baf fl e E Breather Tube F Oil Sentry ™ G Breather Cover H Breather Gasket I Inner Baf fl e J Breather Reed K Filter L Electric Starter M Lifting Bracket N Fixed Guard O Blower Housing P Debris Shield Q Wire Clip R Oil fi lter S Nipple T Oil Cooler U Valve Cover Fuel Pump V Pulse Fuel Pump W Heavy-Duty Air Cleaner X Low-Pro fi le Air Cleaner Reassembly 79 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
81. Install Fuel Pump WARNING Explosive Fuel can cause fi res and severe burns. Do not fi ll fuel tank while engine is hot or running. Gasoline is extremely fl ammable and its vapors can explode if ignited. Store gasoline only in approved containers, in well ventilated, unoccupied buildings, away from sparks or fl ames. Spilled fuel could ignite if it comes in contact with hot parts or sparks from ignition. Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent. NOTE: Pulse style fuel pumps may be made of metal or plastic. If a new fuel pump is being installed, make sure orientation of new pump is consistent with removed pump. Internal damage may occur if installed incorrectly. 1. Install pulse style fuel pump and lines as an assembly. Connect pulse line to crankcase vacuum fi tting or valve cover, whichever source is used. 2. Install fuel pump using screws. Torque screws to 2.3 N·m (20 in. lb.). Install Carburetor WARNING Explosive Fuel can cause fi res and severe burns. Do not fi ll fuel tank while engine is hot or running. Gasoline is extremely fl ammable and its vapors can explode if ignited. Store gasoline only in approved containers, in well ventilated, unoccupied buildings, away from sparks or fl ames. Spilled fuel could ignite if it comes in contact with hot parts or sparks from ignition. Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent. One-Barrel Carburetor Models 1. Install a new carburetor gasket. Make sure all holes align and are open. 2. Install carburetor, throttle linkage and governor lever as an assembly. If a plastic intake manifold is used and carburetor is equipped with a fuel solenoid, attach ground lead to carburetor mounting screw. 3. Torque carburetor mounting screws to 6.2-7.3 N·m (55-65 in. lb.). Two-Barrel Carburetor Models 1. Use a new carburetor gasket. Make sure all holes align and are open. 2. Apply Loctite ® 242 ® to shorter (inner) set of threads of any removed studs. 3. Assemble carburetor gasket and carburetor to intake manifold, and start any removed studs. Use two fl ange nuts locked fl ange to fl ange and tighten each stud until bottomed/tight. 4. Connect ground lead and fuel solenoid lead as equipped. Control Bracket Components E F D C B A A Choke Linkage B Control Bracket C Spring D Governor Lever E Nut F Throttle Linkage Install External Governor Controls 1. Install governor lever onto governor cross shaft. 2. Make sure throttle linkage is connected to governor lever and throttle lever on carburetor. 3. Move governor lever toward carburetor as far as it will go (wide-open throttle) and hold in position. 4. Insert a nail into hole on cross shaft and rotate shaft counterclockwise as far as it will turn, then torque nut to 6.8 N·m (60 in. lb.). 5. Reconnect lead wire to fuel shut-off solenoid if equipped. Install Throttle & Choke Controls 1. Connect choke linkage to carburetor and choke actuator lever. 2. Mount main control bracket, and air cleaner support bracket (if used) to cylinder heads using four screws. Torque screws to 10.7 N·m (95 in. lb.) into new holes, or 7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.) into used holes. 3. Connect governor spring from main control bracket to appropriate hole in governor lever as indicated in applicable chart. Note that hole positions are counted from pivot point of governor lever. Install Oil Sentry ™ (if equipped) 1. Apply pipe sealant with Te fl on ® (Loctite ® PST ® 592™ or equivalent) to threads of Oil Sentry ™ switch and install it into breather cover. Torque to 4.5 N·m (40 in. lb.). 2. Connect wire lead (green) to Oil Sentry ™ terminal. Reassembly 81 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
30. Lubrication System 30 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com This engine uses a full pressure lubrication system which delivers oil under pressure to crankshaft, camshaft, connecting rod bearing surfaces, and hydraulic valve lifters. A high-ef fi ciency gerotor oil pump maintains high oil fl ow and oil pressure, even at low speeds and high operating temperatures. A pressure relief valve limits maximum pressure of system. Closure plate must be removed to service oil pickup, pressure relief valve, and oil pump. Lubrication Components H E F D B A C G A Press-In Dipstick B Thread-On Dipstick C Oil Sentry TM D Oil Fill Cap E Oil Cooler F Oil Filter G Oil Drain Plug H Back Side OIL RECOMMENDATIONS Refer to Maintenance. CHECK OIL LEVEL NOTE: To prevent extensive engine wear or damage, never run engine with oil level below or above operating range indicator on dipstick. Ensure engine is cool. Clean oil fi ll/dipstick areas of any debris. 1. Remove dipstick; wipe oil off. a. Press-in cap: reinsert dipstick into tube; press completely down. or b. Thread-on cap: reinsert dipstick into tube; rest cap on tube, do not thread cap onto tube. 2. Remove dipstick; check oil level. Level should be at top of indicator on dipstick. 3. If oil is low on indicator, add oil up to top of indicator mark. 4. Reinstall dipstick and tighten securely. CHANGE OIL AND FILTER Change oil while engine is warm. 1. Clean area around oil fi ll cap/dipstick, drain plug/oil drain valve. a. Remove drain plug and oil fi ll cap/dipstick. Allow oil to drain completely. or b. Open oil drain valve cap; if needed, attach a length of 1/2 in. I.D. hose to direct oil into appropriate container; twist valve drain body counterclockwise and pull. Remove dipstick. Allow oil to drain completely. 2. Clean area around oil fi lter. Place a container under fi lter to catch any oil and remove fi lter. Wipe off mounting surface. a. Reinstall drain plug. Torque to 13.6 N·m (10 ft. lb. ). or b. Close oil drain valve body, remove hose (if used), and replace cap. 3. Place new fi lter in shallow pan with open end up. Fill with new oil until oil reaches bottom of threads. Allow 2 minutes for oil to be absorbed by fi lter material. 4. Apply a thin fi lm of clean oil to rubber gasket on new fi lter. 5. Refer to instructions on oil fi lter for proper installation. 6. Fill crankcase with new oil. Level should be at top of indicator on dipstick. 7. Reinstall oil fi ll cap/dipstick and tighten securely. 8. Start engine; check for oil leaks. Stop engine; correct leaks. Recheck oil level. 9. Dispose of used oil and fi lter in accordance with local ordinances. OIL COOLER (if equipped) Blower Housing Mounted Oil Cooler 1. Clean fi ns with a brush or compressed air. 2. Remove screws securing oil cooler and tilt to clean back side. 3. Reinstall oil cooler. Crankcase Mounted Oil Cooler Clean fi ns with a brush or compressed air.
59. 59 Disassembly/Inspection and Service 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com External Engine Components U V V A P N O B C B D G I H J F E K D M Q B L S T T S R R X W A Intake Manifold B Gasket C Carburetor D Outer Baf fl e E Breather Tube F Oil Sentry ™ G Breather Cover H Breather Gasket I Inner Baf fl e J Breather Reed K Filter L Electric Starter M Lifting Bracket N Fixed Guard O Blower Housing P Debris Shield Q Wire Clip R Oil fi lter S Nipple T Oil Cooler U Valve Cover Fuel Pump V Pulse Fuel Pump W Heavy-Duty Air Cleaner X Low-Pro fi le Air Cleaner WARNING Before working on engine or equipment, disable engine as follows: 1) Disconnect spark plug lead(s). 2) Disconnect negative (–) battery cable from battery. Accidental Starts can cause severe injury or death. Disconnect and ground spark plug lead(s) before servicing.
21. Air Cleaner/Intake 21 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com AIR CLEANER These systems are CARB/EPA certi fi ed and components should not be altered or modi fi ed in any way. Low-Pro fi le Air Cleaner Components B E F H A C D G A Air Cleaner Cover B Air Cleaner Knob C Wing Nut D Element Cover E Rubber Seal F Precleaner G Paper Element H Air Cleaner Base Heavy-Duty Air Cleaner Components L J N I P K O Q M M I Air Cleaner Housing J Element K End Cap L Dust Ejector Valve M Retaining Clip N Inner Element O Ejector Area P Inlet Screen Q Filter Minder NOTE: Operating engine with loose or damaged air cleaner components could cause premature wear and failure. Replace all bent or damaged components. NOTE: Paper element cannot be blown out with compressed air. Low-Pro fi le Loosen knob and remove air cleaner cover. Precleaner 1. Remove precleaner from paper element. 2. Replace or wash precleaner in warm water with detergent. Rinse and allow to air dry. 3. Saturate precleaner with new engine oil; squeeze out excess oil. 4. Reinstall precleaner over paper element. Paper Element 1. Clean area around element. Remove wing nut, element cover, and paper element with precleaner. 2. Separate precleaner from element; service precleaner and replace paper element. 3. Check condition of rubber seal and replace if necessary. 4. Install new paper element on base; install precleaner over paper element; reinstall element cover and secure with wing nut. Reinstall air cleaner cover and secure with knob. Heavy-Duty 1. Unhook retaining clips and remove end cap(s). 2. Check and clean inlet screen (if equipped). 3. Pull air cleaner element out of housing and replace. Check condition of inner element; replace when dirty. 4. Check all parts for wear, cracks, or damage, and that ejector area is clean. 5. Install new element(s). 6. Reinstall end cap(s) with dust ejector valve/screen down; secure with retaining clips. BREATHER TUBE Ensure sure both ends of breather tube are properly connected. AIR COOLING WARNING Hot Parts can cause severe burns. Do not touch engine while operating or just after stopping. Never operate engine with heat shields or guards removed. Proper cooling is essential. To prevent over heating, clean screens, cooling fi ns, and other external surfaces of engine. Avoid spraying water at wiring harness or any electrical components. Refer to Maintenance Schedule.
22. Typical carbureted fuel system and related components include: ● Fuel tank and valve. ● Fuel lines. ● In-line fuel fi lter. ● Fuel pump. ● Carburetor. Fuel from tank is moved through in-line fi lter and fuel lines by fuel pump. Fuel then enters carburetor fl oat bowl and is drawn into carburetor body and mixed with air. This fuel-air mixture is then burned in engine combustion chamber. FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS Refer to Maintenance. FUEL LINE Low permeation fuel line must be installed on carbureted Kohler Co. engines to maintain EPA and CARB regulatory compliance. FUEL PUMP These engines use either a mechanical pump or a pulse style fuel pump. Pumping action of pulse style pumps is created by oscillation of positive and negative pressures within crankcase. This pressure is transmitted to pulse pump through rubber hose connected between pump and crankcase. Pumping action causes diaphragm on inside of pump to pull fuel in on its downward stroke and to push it into carburetor on its upward stroke. Two check valves prevent fuel from going backward through pump. Performance Minimum fuel delivery rate must be 7.5 L/hr. (2 gal./ hr.) with a pressure at 0.3 psi and a fuel lift of 24 in. A 1.3 L/hr. (0.34 gal./hr.) fuel rate must be maintained at 5 Hz. Fuel Pump Replacement Pulse Fuel Pump NOTE: On most models, pulse line is connected to a fi tting on crankcase, while on early models, it is connected to valve cover. NOTE: Make sure orientation of new pump is consistent with removed pump. Internal damage may occur if installed incorrectly. To replace pulse pump follow these steps. Note orientation of pump before removing. 1. Disconnect fuel lines from inlet, outlet, and pulse fi ttings on fuel pump. 2. Remove screws and take off pump. 3. Connect pulse line to new fuel pump and make sure opposite end is properly connected to fi tting on crankcase or valve cover. 4. Attach new fuel pump using screws. Torque screws to 2.3 N·m (20 in. lb.). 5. Reconnect fuel lines to inlet and outlet fi ttings and secure with clamps. Mechanical Pump Mechanical fuel pump is an integral part of valve cover assembly and not serviced separately. 1. Disconnect fuel lines from inlet and outlet fi ttings. Note orientation. 2. Follow procedure for replacing valve cover. Refer to Disassembly and Reassembly. 3. Reconnect fuel lines to inlet and outlet fi ttings and secure with clamps. FUEL SYSTEM TESTS When engine starts hard or turns over but will not start, fuel system might be causing problems. Test fuel system by performing following test. 1. Check for fuel in combustion chamber. a. Disconnect and ground spark plug leads. b. Close choke on carburetor. c. Crank engine several times. d. Remove spark plug and check for fuel at tip. 2. Check for fuel fl ow from tank to fuel pump. a. Remove fuel line from inlet fi tting of fuel pump. b. Hold line below bottom of tank. Open shut-off valve (if equipped) and observe fl ow. 3. Check operation of fuel pump. a. Remove fuel line from inlet fi tting of carburetor. b. Crank engine several times and observe fl ow. Condition Conclusion Fuel at tip of spark plug. Fuel is reaching combustion chamber. No fuel at tip of spark plug. Check fuel fl ow from fuel tank (step 2). Fuel fl ows from fuel line. Check for faulty fuel pump (step 3). If fuel pump is working, check for faulty carburetor. Refer to Carburetor. No fuel fl ow from fuel line. Check fuel tank cap vent, fuel pickup screen, in-line fi lter, shut-off valve, and fuel line. Correct any observed problem and reconnect line. Fuel line condition. Check for a clogged fuel line. If fuel line is unobstructed, check for over fi lled crankcase and/or oil in pulse line. If checks don't reveal cause of problem, replace pump. Fuel System 22 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
76. Install Plastic Debris Screen CAUTION Failure to utilize or reassemble debris screen as designed could result in debris screen failure and serious personal injury. If engine has a plastic debris screen, snap screen onto fan. Due to possibility of damaging posts during removal, install retainers on different posts from which they were removed. Start retainers by hand, then push them down with a 13 mm (1/2”) socket until they lock. If engine has a metal screen, it will be installed later. Install Supports for Metal Debris Screen 1. If a metal debris screen is used, with threaded individual supports, install a spacer washer on external threads. Apply Loctite ® 242 ® (removable) onto threads. Install four supports as shown. 2. Tighten supports with a torque wrench to 9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.). Debris screen will be installed to supports after blower housing is in place. NOTE: Before installing fl ywheel make sure crankshaft taper and fl ywheel hub are clean, dry, and completely free of any lubricants. Presence of lubricants can cause fl ywheel to be over stressed and damaged when screw is torqued to speci fi cations. NOTE: Make sure fl ywheel key is installed properly in keyway. Flywheel can become cracked or damaged if key is not properly installed. 1. Install woodruff key into keyway of crankshaft. Make sure key is properly seated and parallel with shaft taper. 2. Install fl ywheel onto crankshaft being careful not to shift woodruff key. 3. Install screw and washer. 4. Use a fl ywheel strap wrench or holding tool to hold fl ywheel. Torque screw securing fl ywheel to crankshaft to 66.4 N·m (49 ft. lb.). Install Flywheel Fan NOTE: Position ears located at rear perimeter of fan in recesses of fl ywheel. 1. Install fan onto fl ywheel using four screws. 2. Torque screws to 9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.). Cylinder Head Components B C D E G K F H I J L M N O P A A Valve B Stud C Gasket D Spark Plug E Cap F Valve Stem Seal G Hydraulic Lifter H Retainer I Valve Spring J Valve Spring Retainer K Push Rod L Valve Keeper M Rocker Arm N Rocker Arm Pivot O Valve Cover O-ring P Valve Cover Reassembly 76 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
80. Install Breather Cover and Inner Baf fl es Breather Cover Torque Sequence 1 2 3 4 RTV sealant was used on early models between breather cover and crankcase. A gasket with imprinted sealant beads is now used and recommended. Install as follows: 1. Be sure sealing surfaces of crankcase and breather cover are clean of old gasket material or RTV sealant. Do not scrape surfaces as this could result in leakage. 2. Check to make sure there are no nicks or burrs on sealing surfaces. 3. Install breather reed and breather reed retainer onto crankcase and secure with screw. Hold assembly in line when tightening. Torque screw to 3.9 N·m (35 in. lb.). 4. Insert breather fi lter into position in crankcase. Make sure no fi lter strands are on sealing surface. 5. Install new breather gasket. 6. Carefully position breather cover on crankcase. Install fi rst two screws at positions shown and fi nger tighten at this time. 7. Install inner baf fl es using two remaining screws and fi nger tighten. Do not torque screws at this time; they will be tightened after blower housing and outer baf fl es are installed. Install Blower Housing and Outer Baf fl es NOTE: Do not completely tighten screws until all items are installed to allow shifting for hole alignment. 1. Connect plug to key switch in blower housing (if equipped). 2. Slide blower housing into position over front edge of inner baf fl es. Start a few screws to hold it in place. On two-barrel carburetor models, lift debris shield up above mounting surface, as blower housing is installed. Make sure ground lead, fuel solenoid lead, and oil pressure switch leads are accessible and in proper position. 3. Position outer baf fl es and loosely start mounting screws. M6 screws go into back of cylinders. Short M5 screws go into lower holes closest to blower housing. Short screw on oil fi lter side is also used to mount wire harness clip. Be sure any wire harnesses or leads are routed out through proper offsets or notches, so they will not be pinched between blower housing and baf fl es. 4. If recti fi er-regulator was not removed, attach ground wire or metal grounding bracket for recti fi er- regulator, using silver colored screw and washer, to lower blower housing hole. 5. Tighten all shrouding fasteners. Torque blower housing screws to 6.2 N·m (55 in. lb.) in a new hole, or to 4.0 N·m (35 in. lb.) in a used hole. Torque shorter M5 side baf fl e screws to 4.0 N·m (35 in. lb.). Torque upper M5 side baf fl e screws (into cylinder head) to 6.2 N·m (55 in. lb.) in a new hole, or to 4.0 N·m (35 in. lb.) in a used hole. Torque two rear M6 baf fl e mounting screws to 10.7 N·m (95 in. lb.) in a new hole, or to 7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.) in a used hole. 6. If an overlapping style fl ywheel screen is used, attach it to supports or fl ywheel. For a metal fl ywheel screen, apply Loctite ® 242 ® to screw threads (M6) and torque to 9.9 N·m (88 in. lb.). Torque plastic screen mounting screws (M4) to 2.2 N·m (20 in. lb.). 7. Torque breather cover screws to 7.3 N·m (65 in. lb.) in sequence shown. Reconnect Recti fi er-Regulator 1. Install recti fi er-regulator in blower housing, if removed previously, then connect recti fi er-regulator ground lead with washer and silver screw through eyelet as shown. If a grounding bracket is used, secure with lower mounting screw and washer, against outer side of recti fi er-regulator. 2. Install B+ terminal/lead into center position of recti fi er-regulator plug and connect plug to recti fi er- regulator. SMART-SPARK ™ Module On engines with SMART-SPARK ™ , reinstall SAM module to blower housing or cylinder baf fl e. Do not overtighten retaining screws. Install Electric Starter Motor NOTE: If engine uses a side mount muf fl er on starter side, be sure to tie wires close to starter to avoid contact with hot exhaust parts. 1. Install starter motor using two screws. Some inertia- drive starters have a pinion cover and spacers on starter bolts. 2. Torque screws to 15.3 N·m (135 in. lb.). 3. On models with a solenoid shift starter, connect leads to solenoid. Reassembly 80 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
23. CARBURETORS WARNING Gasoline is extremely fl ammable and its vapors can explode if ignited. Store gasoline only in approved containers, in well ventilated, unoccupied buildings, away from sparks or fl ames. Spilled fuel could ignite if it comes in contact with hot parts or sparks from ignition. Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent. Explosive Fuel can cause fi res and severe burns. Do not fi ll fuel tank while engine is hot or running. Keihin Two-Barrel Carburetor Components D E F G H I C B Z J N P O M S T Q R U K L V X W Y A AF AE AA AB AC AD A Carburetor Body Subassembly B Idle Speed Screw C Idle Speed Spring D Screw E Ground Lead F Retaining Washer G Slow Jet- Right Side H Slow Jet- Left Side I O-ring (Slow Jet) J Fuel Bowl K O-ring (Fuel Bowl-Upper) L O-ring (Fuel Bowl-Lower) M Drain Screw N Bowl Screw O Fuel Solenoid P Sealing Washer Q Float R Pin S Screw T Float Clip U Float Valve/ Inlet Needle V Main Nozzle- Right Side W Main Nozzle- Left Side X Main Jet- Right Side Y Main Jet- Left Side Z Choke Dust Cap AA Choke Shaft AB Spring AC Bushing AD Choke Lever AE Choke Plate AF Choke Plate Screw Fuel System 23 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com
65. 65 Disassembly/Inspection and Service 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Flywheel/Ignition Components F G E C K L O M N H P B I D J A A Debris Screen B Fan C Flywheel Screw D Washer E Flywheel F Magnet G Stator H Ignition Module I Backing Plate J Woodruff Key K Spring Washer L Spacer M Ring Support N Metal Debris Screen O Washer P Metal Debris Screen Assembly 1. Use a fl ywheel strap wrench or holding tool (see Tools and Aids) to hold fl ywheel and loosen screw securing fl ywheel to crankshaft. 2. Remove screw and washer. 3. Use a puller to remove fl ywheel from crankshaft. 4. Remove woodruff key from crankshaft. Inspection Inspect fl ywheel for cracks and fl ywheel keyway for damage. Replace fl ywheel if it is cracked. Replace fl ywheel, crankshaft, and key if fl ywheel key is sheared or keyway is damaged. Inspect ring gear for cracks or damage. Kohler does not provide ring gear as a serviceable part. Replace fl ywheel if ring gear is damaged. Remove Ignition Modules 1. Disconnect lead(s) from each ignition module. Modules for non-SMART-SPARK ™ ignition systems have only one kill lead. 2. Rotate fl ywheel so magnet is away from modules. 3. Remove mounting screws and ignition modules. Note position of ignition modules. Remove Debris Screen and Fan 1. Small metal retainers are typically attached on 3 of 7 mounting posts for positive retention of plastic debris screen. Use a hook-end tool next to post and pull outward to separate small metal retainers. Then unsnap fan from remaining mounting posts. 2. Remove screws and fan. Remove Flywheel NOTE: Always use a fl ywheel strap wrench or holding tool to hold fl ywheel when loosening or tightening fl ywheel screw. Do not use any type of bar or wedge to hold fl ywheel. Use of such tools could cause fl ywheel to become cracked or damaged. NOTE: Always use a fl ywheel puller to remove fl ywheel from crankshaft. Do not strike crankshaft or fl ywheel, as these parts could become cracked or damaged. Striking puller or crankshaft can cause crank gear to move, affecting crankshaft end play.
18. Troubleshooting 18 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Engine Loses Power ● Dirty air cleaner element. ● Engine overheated. ● Excessive engine load. ● Restricted exhaust. ● Faulty spark plug(s). ● High crankcase oil level. ● Incorrect governor setting. ● Low battery. ● Low compression. ● Low crankcase oil level. ● Quality of fuel (dirt, water, stale, mixture). Engine Uses Excessive Amount of Oil ● Loose or improperly torqued fasteners. ● Blown head gasket/overheated. ● Breather reed broken. ● Clogged, broken, or inoperative crankcase breather. ● Crankcase over fi lled. ● Incorrect oil viscosity/type. ● Worn cylinder bore. ● Worn or broken piston rings. ● Worn valve stems/valve guides. Oil Leaks from Oil Seals, Gaskets ● Breather reed broken. ● Clogged, broken, or inoperative crankcase breather. ● Loose or improperly torqued fasteners. ● Piston blow by, or leaky valves. ● Restricted exhaust. EXTERNAL ENGINE INSPECTION NOTE: It is good practice to drain oil at a location away from workbench. Be sure to allow ample time for complete drainage. Before cleaning or disassembling engine, make a thorough inspection of its external appearance and condition. This inspection can give clues to what might be found inside engines (and cause) when it is disassembled. ● Check for buildup of dirt and debris on crankcase, cooling fi ns, grass screen, and other external surfaces. Dirt or debris on these areas can cause overheating. ● Check for obvious fuel and oil leaks, and damaged components. Excessive oil leakage can indicate a clogged or inoperative breather, worn or damaged seals or gaskets, or loose fasteners. ● Check air cleaner cover and base for damage or indications of improper fi t and seal. ● Check air cleaner element. Look for holes, tears, cracked or damaged sealing surfaces, or other damage that could allow un fi ltered air into engine. A dirty or clogged element could indicate insuf fi cient or improper maintenance. ● Check carburetor throat for dirt. Dirt in throat is further indication that air cleaner was not functioning properly. ● Check if oil level is within operating range on dipstick. If it is above, sniff for gasoline odor. ● Check condition of oil. Drain oil into a container; it should fl ow freely. Check for metal chips and other foreign particles. Sludge is a natural by-product of combustion; a small accumulation is normal. Excessive sludge formation could indicate over rich fuel settings, weak ignition, overextended oil change interval or wrong weight or type of oil was used. CLEANING ENGINE WARNING Cleaning Solvents can cause severe injury or death. Use only in well ventilated areas away from ignition sources. Carburetor cleaners and solvents are extremely fl ammable. Follow cleaner manufacturer’s warnings and instructions on its proper and safe use. Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent. After inspecting external condition of engine, clean engine thoroughly before disassembly. Clean individual components as engine is disassembled. Only clean parts can be accurately inspected and gauged for wear or damage. There are many commercially available cleaners that will quickly remove grease, oil, and grime from engine parts. When such a cleaner is used, follow manufacturer’s instructions and safety precautions carefully. Make sure all traces of cleaner are removed before engine is reassembled and placed into operation. Even small amounts of these cleaners can quickly break down lubricating properties of engine oil.
35. 35 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Electrical System Fixed Ignition System This system uses a capacitive discharge (CD) coil. Ignition timing and spark remains constant regardless of engine speed. Timing of spark is controlled by location of fl ywheel magnet group as referenced to engine TDC. A typical fi xed ignition system consists of: ● 1 magnet assembly which is permanently af fi xed to fl ywheel. ● 2 electronic capacitive-discharge ignition modules which mount on engine crankcase. ● 1 kill switch (or key switch) which grounds modules to stop engine. ● 2 spark plugs. A Spark Plug(s) B Oil Pressure Switch C Oil Sentry ™ (Green) D White Kill E Flywheel Stator Assembly F Ignition Module G Non-Smart Spark ™ Ignition H Recti fi er-Regulator Connector I Recti fi er-Regulator J Oil Sentry ™ Kill (Green) K Violet B+ L Solenoid Shift Starter Assembly M Starter Solenoid Tang N Starter Solenoid Stud O Fuse P Blue Q Alternate Ignition Kill (–) R White S Accessory Terminal (+) T Yellow U Ignition Kill V Red W Carburetor X Carburetor Solenoid Y Black (Ground) Z Intake Manifold Screw AA Black AB Oil Sentry ™ Panel Light/Remote Light AC Oil Sentry ™ Light AD Connector AE Magneto AF Key Switch AG Accessory AH Battery AI Starter AJ Ground AK Key Switch Ground AL Recti fi er AM Blue/Red AN Battery Positive AO Battery Negative
37. 37 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Electrical System Smart-Spark ™ Advance Ignition System SMART-SPARK ™ equipped engines utilize an electronic capacitive discharge ignition system with electronic spark advance. A typical application consists of following components: ● 1 magnet assembly which is permanently af fi xed to fl ywheel. ● 2 electronic capacitive discharge ignition modules which mount on engine crankcase. ● 1 spark advance module which mounts to engine shrouding. ● 1 12 volt battery which supplies current to spark advance module. ● 1 kill switch (or key switch) which grounds spark advance module to stop engine. ● 2 spark plugs. A Oil Pressure Switch B Oil Sentry ™ (Green) C Spark Plug(s) D Kill E Trigger F Ignition Module G Flywheel Stator Assembly H 22, 25 HP Smart- Spark ™ Ignition I Module Speed Advance 22, 25 HP J Brown K Yellow L Yellow on Analog SAMs Pink on Digital SAMs M Recti fi er-Regulator Connector N Recti fi er-Regulator O Oil Sentry ™ Kill (Green) P Solenoid Shift Starter Assembly Q Violet (B+) R Alternate Ignition Kill (–) S Accessory Terminal (+) T White U Ignition Kill V Smart-Spark ™ W Red X Carburetor Y Solenoid Lead Z Intake Manifold Screw AA Black AB Oil Sentry ™ Panel Light/Remote Light AC Oil Sentry ™ Light AD Connector AE Magneto AF Key Switch AG Accessory AH Battery AI Starter AJ Ground AK Key Switch Ground AL Recti fi er AM Blue/Red AN Battery Positive AO Battery Negative AP Blue AQ Fuse AR Starter Solenoid Stud AS Starter Solenoid Tang AT Black (Ground)
39. 39 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Electrical System Digital Spark Advance Ignition (DSAI) System This system uses a digital microprocessor which is located in ignition modules. Ignition timing varies depending upon engine speed with this system. There are 2 inductive-style ignition modules that control ignition timing based on engine RPM. A typical DSAI application consists of: ● 1 magnet assembly, which is permanently af fi xed to fl ywheel. ● 2 inductive, 12-volt ignition modules, which mount on engine crankcase. ● 1 12-volt battery, which supplies current to ignition modules. ● 1 kill switch (or key switch) which grounds spark advance module to stop engine. ● 2 spark plugs. A Oil Pressure Switch B Green (Oil Sentry ™ Pulse Signal Lead) C Black (Ground) Intake Manifold Mounting Screw D Black E White F Red G Spark Plug(s) H Black (Ground) I Red (B+) J White (DSAI Kill) K Module Screw L Flywheel Stator Assembly M DSAI Module N White (AC Charging Leads) O Recti fi er-Regulator Connector P Recti fi er-Regulator Q Violet (B+ Lead) R Starter Assembly S Oil Sentry ™ Pulse Signal T Alternate Ignition Pulse Signal (–) U Fuse V Starter Solenoid Tang W Starter Solenoid Stud X Blue Y Accessory Terminal (+) Z Yellow AA Red (DSAI Power) AB White (DSAI Kill) AC Carburetor AD Solenoid Lead AE Ground AF Intake Manifold Screw AG Black (Ground) AH Oil Sentry ™ Panel Light/Remote Light AI Oil Sentry ™ Light AJ Connector AK Magneto AL Key Switch AM Accessory AN Battery AO Starter AP Key Switch Ground (Black) AQ Recti fi er AR Blue/Red AS Battery Positive AT Battery Negative AU Customer Supplied Relay Cranking AV Relay Stud
17. 17 24 690 06 Rev. C KohlerEngines.com Troubleshooting Engine Cranks But Will Not Start ● Battery connected backwards. ● Blown fuse. ● Carburetor solenoid malfunction. ● Choke not closing. ● Clogged fuel line or fuel fi lter. ● Diode in wiring harness failed in open circuit mode. ● DSAI or DSAM malfunction. ● Empty fuel tank. ● Faulty electronic control unit. ● Faulty ignition coil(s). ● Faulty spark plug(s). ● Fuel pump malfunction-vacuum hose clogged or leaking. ● Fuel shut-off valve closed. ● Ignition module(s) faulty or improperly gapped. ● Insuf fi cient voltage to electronic control unit. ● Interlock switch is engaged or faulty. ● Key switch or kill switch in OFF position. ● Low oil level. ● Quality of fuel (dirt, water, stale, mixture). ● SMART-SPARK TM malfunction. ● Spark plug lead(s) disconnected. Engine Starts But Does Not Keep Running ● Faulty carburetor. ● Faulty cylinder head gasket. ● Faulty or misadjusted choke or throttle controls. ● Fuel pump malfunction-vacuum hose clogged or leaking. ● Intake system leak. ● Loose wires or connections that intermittently ground ignition kill circuit. ● Quality of fuel (dirt, water, stale, mixture). ● Restricted fuel tank cap vent. Engine Starts Hard ● Clogged fuel line or fuel fi lter. ● Engine overheated. ● Faulty ACR mechanism. ● Faulty or misadjusted choke or throttle controls. ● Faulty spark plug(s). ● Flywheel key sheared. ● Fuel pump malfunction-vacuum hose clogged or leaking. ● Interlock switch is engaged or faulty. ● Loose wires or connections that intermittently ground ignition kill circuit. ● Low compression. ● Quality of fuel (dirt, water, stale, mixture). ● Weak spark. TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE When troubles occur, be sure to check simple causes which, at fi rst, may seem too obvious to be considered. For example, a starting problem could be caused by an empty fuel tank. Some general common causes of engine troubles are listed below and vary by engine speci fi cation. Use these to locate causing factors. Engine Will Not Crank ● Battery is discharged. ● Faulty electric starter or solenoid. ● Faulty key switch or ignition switch. ● Interlock switch is engaged or faulty. ● Loose wires or connections that intermittently ground ignition kill circuit. ● Pawls not engaging in drive cup. ● Seized internal engine components. Engine Runs But Misses ● Carburetor adjusted incorrectly. ● Engine overheated. ● Faulty spark plug(s). ● Ignition module(s) faulty or improperly gapped. ● Incorrect crankshaft position sensor air gap. ● Interlock switch is engaged or faulty. ● Loose wires or connections that intermittently ground ignition kill circuit. ● Quality of fuel (dirt, water, stale, mixture). ● Spark plug lead(s) disconnected. ● Spark plug lead boot loose on plug. ● Spark plug lead loose. Engine Will Not Idle ● Engine overheated. ● Faulty spark plug(s). ● Idle fuel adjusting needle(s) improperly set. ● Idle speed adjusting screw improperly set. ● Inadequate fuel supply. ● Low compression. ● Quality of fuel (dirt, water, stale, mixture). ● Restricted fuel tank cap vent. Engine Overheats ● Cooling fan broken. ● Excessive engine load. ● Fan belt failed/off. ● Faulty carburetor. ● High crankcase oil level. ● Lean fuel mixture. ● Low cooling system fl uid level. ● Low crankcase oil level. ● Radiator, and/or cooling system components clogged, restricted, or leaking. ● Water pump belt failed/broken. ● Water pump malfunction. Engine Knocks ● Excessive engine load. ● Hydraulic lifter malfunction. ● Incorrect oil viscosity/type. ● Internal wear or damage. ● Low crankcase oil level. ● Quality of fuel (dirt, water, stale, mixture).
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